Linda Zientek


Department of Mathematics & Statistics

Sam Houston State University


Google Scholar Citations


Short Bio

Linda Zientek is a Professor in Mathematics Education at Sam Houston State University in the Department of Mathematics and Statistics. She is an active member of the Southwest Educational Research Association (SERA) and has served as President, Program Chair, Newsletter Editor, and as an At-Large Member of the Board of Directors. Dr. Zientek currently serves as SERA Executive Director. For ten years, she was a community college mathematics instructor. Her research interests include mathematics education, the preparation of mathematics teachers, community college and P16 initiatives, and quantitative research methods. Linda has served as President of the Texas Mathematical Association of Two-Year Colleges (TexMATYC), Conference Chair for the 2007 Southwest Regional Conference of the American Mathematical Association of Two-Year Colleges, Chair of the Mathematics Section of the Texas Community College Teachers Association (TCCTA), as Chair of the AMATYC Developmental Mathematics Committee (DMC), and as a member of the TCCTA Legislative Committee, 4th Year of Mathematics Committee, and Phase I of the Texas Higher Education College Readiness Vertical Team. Dr. Zientek received the 2007 Teaching, Learning, and Culture Dissertation of the Year Award from Texas A&M.

HYPERLINK TO: Curriculum Vita

HYPERLINK TO: Bootstrap Exploratory Factor Analysis Syntax - SPSS


    MATH 1316, MATH 1385, MATH 2384, MATH/STAT 3379, MATH 3381, MATH 3386, MATH 4385, MATH 5389, MATH 5360, CIED 7331


Editorial Board Member (2010 - present). Research in The Schools

Associate Editor (October 2020 - present). Texas Mathematics Teacher

Editorial Panel Member (2022 - present). CITE Journal

During its 45th Annual Meeting, February 23-25, 2022, it was announced that the Southwest Educational Research Award (SERA) had renamed in perpetuity its SERA Outstanding Paper  Award the “SERA Linda Reichwein Zientek Outstanding Paper  Award.” In announcing the surprise renaming honor, Bruce Thompson, SERA Executive Director Emeritus noted, "Professor Zientek has been exemplary in her contributions to educational research, and to SERA as well. Professor Zientek has served as SERA Executive Director since 2014. She also  has served as SERA Deputy Executive Director (2011-2014), President (2010-2011), and Newsletter Editor (2007-2008). Professor Zientek also received the SERA Extended Service  Award in 2013."




59. Skidmore, S. T., Zientek, L. R.,  & Lane, F. C. (accepted - Online First)). Profiles of undergraduate completers: Deconstructing the heterogeneity. Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice.

58. Lane, F.C., Zientek, L. R., Sechelski, A., & Shupp, S. (accepted - Online First). Effects of timely enrollment in college-level mathematics on degree completion. Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory, & Practice.
57. Skidmore, S. T., Zientek, L. R., Hsu, H. Y., & Edmonson, S. (2023). Profiles of undergraduate completers: Acknowledging alternative paths. The Journal of Continuing Higher Education, 71(1), 24-39,
56. Counterman, C., & Zientek, L. R. (2023). High school transcript placement in developmental mathematics courses: A case study at one college. European Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 11(1), 1-14.
55. Nimon, K., Zientek, L. R., & Fulmore, J. (2022). A hierarchical map and application to traverse and unify analyses subsumed by canonical correlation. Multiviariate Behavioral Research, 57(6), 1027-1046.

54. Zientek, L. R., Lane, F. C., Sechelski, A., & Shupp, S. (2022). Effects of delaying college-level mathematics enrollment for remedial students. Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory, & Practice, 24(2), 474-498.

53.Nabors, A., & Zientek, L. R.(2021). Agreement between students' and their instructors' perceived use of good practices in undergraduate education: Self-reflections in developmental mathematics classrooms. Boğaziçi University Journal of Education, 38(1), 87-106.

52. Counterman, C., & Zientek, L. R. (2021). An investigation of differences in student success and persistence rates by course modality. European Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 9(30), 110-124.

51. Nabors, A., & Zientek, L. R. (2021). Developmental mathematics: Students' predicted outcome value of electronic communication. Journal of College Academic Support Programs, 3(2), 29-40.

50. Poast, M., Skidmore, S. T., & Zientek, L. R. (2021). Multiplication facts in the continuum of skills. Journal of College Reading and Learning, 51(1), 58-77.

49. Poast, M., Zientek, L. R, & Skidmore, S. T.. (2020). An investigation of multiplication fact automaticity and grades in Intermediate Algebra. MathAMATYC Educator, 12(1), 44-50.

48. Jones, D. L., Zientek, L. R., Sharon, V., & Swarthout, M. (2020). Solving equations with fractions: An analysis of prospective teachers' solution pathways and errors. School Science and Mathematics, 120(4), 232-243.

47. Zientek, L. R., Dorsey, J., Stano, N., & Lane, F. C. (2019). An investigation of self-efficacy of students enrolled in a mathematics pathway course. Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education. doi:10.1108/JARHE-10-2018-0207

46.Fong, C. J., & Zientek, L. R. (2019). Instructional practices in developmental mathematics: A multilevel analysis of community college perceptions. Journal of College Reading and Learning, 49, 33-52. doi:10.1080/10790195.2018.1514283 Winner of the Cynthia L. Peterson JCRL Outstanding Article Award 

45. Zientek, L. R., Fong, C. J., & Phelps, J. (2019). Sources of mathematics self-efficacy of community college students enrolled in developmental mathematics. Journal of Further and Higher Education, 43, 183-200. doi:10.1080/0309877X.2017.1357071

44. Holland, D. F., Kraha, A., Zientek, L. R., Nimon, K., Fulmore, J. A., Johnson, U. Y., Ponce, H. F., Aguilar, M. G., & Henson, R. K. (2018). Reliability generalization of the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire: A meta-analytic view of reliability estimates. SAGE Open (

43. Zientek, L. R., Albert, J., Manage, A., Li, X., & Sechelski, A. (2018). A state-mandated policy: Effects on enrollment at one university. Journal of Developmental Education, 41, (3), 10-17.

42. Moreno, N., Newell, A., Zientek, L., Nimon, K., & Vogt, G. (2018, Online First). Linking science education and HIV using viral biology, epidemiology and science practices. Health Education Journal.

41. Albert, J., Zientek, L. R., & Manage, A. (2018). Attendance: A case-study in developmental mathematics classrooms. Journal of College Reading and Learning, 48, 175-188.

40. Zientek, L. R., Werner, J. M., Campuzano, M., & Nimon, K. (2018). The use of Google Scholar for research and research dissemination. New Horizons in Adult Education and Human Resource Development, 41(3), 10-17. (

39. Nimon, K., Zientek, L. R., & Kraha, A. (2018). Conducting all-possible-subsets for MANOVA and factorial MANOVA: No longer a weekend project. Handbook of Research on innovative techniques, trends, and analysis for optimized research methods. Hershey, PA: IGI Global.

38. Haecker, B., Lane, F., & Zientek, L. R. (2017). Evidence-based decision-making: Influences on central-office administrators' decision making practices. Journal of School Leadership, 27, 860-883.

37. Nimon, K., Zientek, L. R., & Kraha, A. (2016). All-possible-subsets for MANOVA and factorial MANOVAs: Less than a weekend project. International Journal of Adult Vocational Education and Technology, 40, 638-659.

36. Zientek, L. R., Nimon, K., & Brown, B. (2016). Analyzing data from a pretest-posttest control group design: The importance of statistical assumptions. European Journal of Training and Development. European Journal of Training and Development,40, 638 - 659.

35. Nimon, K., Zientek, L. R., & Thompson, B. (2015). Bias in squared regression structure coefficients. Frontiers in Quantitative Psychology and Measurement. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00949

34.  Zientek, L. R., Skidmore, S. T., Saxon, D. P., & Edmonson, S. (2015). Technology priorities and preferences of developmental mathematics instructors. Community College Enterprise, 21, 27-46.

33. Newell, A., Zientek, L. R., Tharp, B., Vogt, G., & Moreno, N. (2015). Students’ attitudes towards science as predictors of gains on student content knowledge: Benefits of an after-school program. School Science and Mathematics Journal, 115, 216–225.

32. Fong, C. J., Zientek, L. R., & Phelps, J. M. (2015). Between and within ethnic differences in strategic learning: A study of developmental mathematics students. Social Psychology of Education: An International Journal, 18, 55-74. doi:.10.1007/s11218-014-9275-5

31. Skidmore, S. T., Zientek, L. R., Saxon, D. P., & Edmonson, S. (2014). The impact of generational status on instructor’s reported technology usage. Contemporary Educational Technology, 5, 179-197.

29. Zientek, L. R., Schneider, C., & Onwuegbuzie, A. J. (2014). Instructors' perceptions about student success and placement in developmental mathematics courses, 20(1), 67-84.

28. Skidmore, S. T., Zientek, L. R., Combs, J. P., Fuller, M. B., Hirai, M., Price, D., & Moore, G. W. (2014). Empirical Reporting Practices in CCJRP and JDE from 2002 to 2011: A Systematic Review. Community College Journal of Research and Practice.

27. Zientek, L. R., Younes, R., Nimon, K., Mittag, K. C., & Taylor, S. (2013). Fractions as a foundation for algebra within a sample of prospective teachers. Research in The Schools, 20, 76-95.

26. Matteson, S. M., Zientek, L. R., & Ozel, S. (2013). Identifying what in-service teachers want in professional development experiences. Teacher Education and Practice, 26, 569-580.

25. Zientek, L. R., Yetkiner, Z. E., Fong, C., & Griffin, M. (2013). Student success in developmental mathematics courses. Community College Journal of Research and Practice, 37, 990-1010.

24. Taylor, J. M., Zientek, L. R., & Matteson, S. M. (2013). Improving achievement in trigonomety by revisiting fraction operations.MJRME2013_HS_Trig Mediterranean Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 12, 135-153.

23. Frels, R., Zientek, L. R. & Onwuegbuzie, A. J. (2013). Differences of mentoring experiences across grade span among principals, mentors, and mentees. Mentoring & Tutoring: Partnership in Learning, 21, 28-58.. [Winner of the 2012 Distinguished Paper Award for the Mentorship and Mentoring Practices AERA SIG]   Named to the Routledge's Class of 2015 most read articles from Rougledge journals researching Teacher and Teacher Education: Available free to view until December 31, 2015

22. Zientek, L. R., Yetkiner Ozel, Z. E., Ozel, S., & Allen, J. (2012). Reporting confidence intervals and effect sizes: Collecting the evidence. Career and Technical Education Research, 37, 277-295.

21. Kraha, K., Turner, H., Nimon, K., Zientek, L. R., & Henson, R. (2012). Tools to support Interpreting multiple regression in the face of multicollinearity. Frontiers in Quantitative Psychology and Measurement. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00044

20. Nimon, K., Zientek, L. R., & Henson, R. K. (2012). The assumption of a reliable instrument and other pitfalls to avoid when considering the reliability of data. Frontiers in Quantitative Psychology and Measurement. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00102

19. Zientek, L. R., & Yetkiner-Ozel, Z. E. (2012). Self-reported reasons developmental mathematics students provided for not completing a mathematics course during their senior year of high school. MJRME2013_HS_Math  Mediterranean Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 11, 81-102.

18. Zientek, L. R., & Cory, B. (2011). Polygons. In S. J. Greenwald & J. E. Thomley (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Mathematics and Society, 779-782. Pasadena, CA: Salem Press.

17. Young, E., & Zientek, L. R. (2011). Fraction operations: An examination of prospective teachers, confidence, and bias. Investigations in Mathematics Learning, 4(1), 1-23.

16. Matteson, S. M., Swarthout, M., & Zientek, L. R. (2011). Student motivation: Perspectives from mathematics teachers.Action in Teacher Education, 33, 283-297. doi: 10.1080/01626620.2011.592123

15. Zientek, L. R., Carter, T. A., Taylor, J. M., & Capraro, R. M. (2011). Preparing Prospective Teachers: An Examination of Attitudes Toward Statistics. The Journal of Mathematical Sciences and Mathematics Education, 5, 25-38.

14. Zientek, L. R.,& Thompson, B. (2010). Using commonality analysis to quantify contributions that self-efficacy and motivational factors make in mathematics performance. Research in The Schools, 17, 1-12.

13. Zientek, L. R., Yetkiner, Z. E., & Thompson, B. (2010). Characterizing the mathematics anxiety literature using confidence intervals as a literature review mechanism. The Journal of Educational Research, 103, 424-438.

12. Zientek, L. R., & Yetkiner, Z. E. (2010). Pooled Variance. In N. J. Salkind (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Research Design,1050-1052. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

11. Zientek, L. R., & Thompson, B. (2009). Matrix Summaries Improve Research Reports: Secondary Analyses Using Published Literature. Educational Researcher, 38(5), 343-352.

10. Capraro, R. M., Burlbaw, L.M., & Zientek, L. R. (2009). Content and pedagogical knowledge in Colorado teachers? Mathematics exams at the turn of the 20th century,Curriculum History 2009, 158-174.

9. Zientek, L. R., & Thompson, B. (2008). Preparing high-quality mathematics and science teachers: Are we meeting the challenge? Research in The Schools, 15, 1-19.

8. Zientek, L. R., Capraro, M. M., & Capraro, R. M. (2008). Reporting practices in quantitative teacher education research: One look at the evidence cited in the AERA panel report. Educational Researcher, 37(4), 208-216.

7. Zientek, L. R. (2008). Review of the book. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis: Understanding concepts and applications. B. Thompson, Washington, DC: American Psychologyical Association. 2004. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 15, 729-734.

6. Zientek, L. R. (2007). Preparing high quality teachers: Views from the classroom. American Educational Research Journal: Teaching, Learning, and Human Development, 44, 959-1001.

5. Zientek, L. R., & Thompson, B. (2007). Applying the bootrstap to the multivariate case: Bootstrap factor analysis. Behavior Research Methods, 39, 318 -325.

4. Zientek, L. R., & Gann, L. (2007). College readiness vertical teams: An inside view.Texas Community College Teachers Association Messenger, XLIII, 6.

3. Zientek, L. R., & Thompson, B. (2006). Commonality analysis: Partitioning variance to facilitate better understanding of data. Journal of Early Intervention, 28, 299-307.

2. Zientek, L.R., Wahrmund, T., & Garlick, B. (2006, July). Essential components of effective certification programs. Association of Mathematics Teacher Educators (AMTE) Update.

1. Zientek, L. R., Kadhi, T. G., & Capraro, R. M. (2005). Alternative certification programs analysis. Academic Exchange Quarterly, 9, 121-125.