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The "Manc Sound"--based in Manchester, England--ensued from the onslaught of rave culture. Its audience--drawn from post- disco regulars, soccer thugs, and hippies--was most likely to congregate at the Factory Records-run Hacienda Club. Ecstasy constituted the drug of choice.

The performers were drawn from the British indie band movement. They sported baggy trousers, flowery T-shirts, and bowl haircuts. Their music consisted of hook-laden pop-rock accented by rich vocal harmonies and druggy dance beats.

In the fad-driven British trade and fan publications, the Manc Sound (also dubbed "Madchester") was quickly deemed passe. Bands such as James and Primal Scream wisely toned down the more stylized retro elements (a la Los Angeles/Strawberry Alarm Clock circa 1967) of this music and joined the alternative mainstream.


Top Artists and Their Recordings

The Farm--Spartacus (1991)

The Happy Mondays--Squirrel and G-Man Twenty Four Hour Party People Plastic Face Carnt Smile (White Out) (1987); Bummed (1988); Madchester, Rave On (1989); Hallelujah EP (1989); Peel Session EP (1990); Pills 'n Thrills and Bellyaches (1990); Live (1991); Yes, Please! (1992)

The Inspiral Carpets--The Peel Sessions EP (1989); Cool as **** EP (1990); Life (1990); The Beast Inside (1991); Revenge of the Goldfish (1992); Devil Hopping (1994)

James--Shutter (1986); Strip-mine (1988); One Man Clapping (1989); Gold Mother (1990); James (1991); Seven (1992); Laid (1993); Wah Wah (1994)

Primal Scream--Sonic Flower Groove (1987; issued in U..S. as Volume I); Primal Scream (1989); Screamadelica (1991); Give Out But Don't Give Up (1994); Vanishing Point (1997)

The Soup Dragons--Hang-Ten! (1987); This Is Our Art (1988); Lovegod (1990); Hotwired (1992); Hydrophonic (1994)

The Stone Roses--The Stone Roses (1989); Turns Into Stone (1992); Second Coming (1995)