Maria Botero

| Psychology and Philosophy Department



Maria Botero

Curriculum Vitae



Psychology and Philosophy Department,

Sam Houston State University

 CHSS Building 1901, Ave I, Suite 390, Huntsville, TX, 77340



Areas of Specialization: Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Psychology

Areas of Competence: Ethics (esp. Bioethics), Philosophy of Science.




Ph.D., Philosophy, York University

Primate Mother and Infant Interaction, Methods and Mind. Supervisor: Stuart Shanker.


M.A. Philosophy, York University,

Patterns of Life and Mind. Supervisor: Evan Thompson.


B.A. Magna Cum Laude Philosophy, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana,

Biological Morality, an Explanation of Duty From a Natural History Perspective. Supervisor: Jörg Alejandro Tellkamp




Assistant Professor of Philosophy, Sam Houston State University




Postdoctoral Student, Milton and Ethel Harris Research Initiative, York University




Articles, Book Chapters and Commentaries (Refereed)


Botero, M., Buccafurni, D. & Desforges, D. (forthcoming) How Much Should the People Know? Implications of Methodological Choices in The Study of Intentionality and Blame Ascriptions. Applied Psychology and Criminal Justice.


Botero, M. (forthcoming) Tactless Scientists, Ignoring Touch in the Study of Joint Attention. Philosophical Psychology.


Botero, M. (forthcoming) Primates are Touched by Your Concern: Touch, Emotion, and Social Cognition in Chimpanzees. In K. Andrews & J. Beck (Eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Animal Minds.


Botero, M. (forthcoming) To What Kind of Research They Can Dissent? The Role that Distinguishing Between Biomedical and Behavioral Research Plays in Granting Dissent and Assent to Chimpanzees used in Experimentation. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics.


Botero, M. (forthcoming) Autonomy in Children: Accessing the Inaccessible Space in Essex County Vol. 1: Tales from the Farm. Graphic Novels and Philosophy, University Press of Mississippi.


Botero, M. (2016) Death in the Family. Animal Sentience (1) p. 40.


Botero, M. (2014). How Primate Mothers and Infants Communicate, Characterizing Interaction in Mother-Infant Studies Across Species. In M. Pina & N. Gontier (Eds.), The Evolution of Social Communication in Primates: A Multidisciplinary Approach (pp. 83-100). London: Springer.


Botero, M., MacDonald, S., & Miller, R. (2013) Anxiety-related Behavior of Orphan Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) at Gombe National Park, Tanzania. Primates, Volume 54 (1): 21-26.


Botero, M. (2012) Reconstructing with More Situated Social Interactions, Emotion Review, 4: 246-6.


Botero, M. (2011) Genderless Subjects in Cognitive Science: Physicalism in the Transgender World. In T. Teo, P. Stenner, A. Rutherford, et al., (Eds.) Varieties of Theoretical Psychology International Philosophical and Practical Concerns, Toronto: Captus University Publications.


Book Reviews (Refereed*)

Botero, M. (2016) Navigating the Landscape of the Animal Mind, An Interdisciplinary Journey, Society & Animals (24), p. 85-88*.


Botero, M. (2012) Review of The Primate Mind, Built to Connect with Other Minds, Frans B. M. de Waal and Pier Francesco Ferrari (Editors), 2012 Metapsychology Reviews Online, Volume 16, Issue 35.


Botero, M., (2010) Review of Cognitive Development in Chimpanzees, M. Matsuzawa, M. Tomonaga, & M. Tanaka, (Eds.). The Journal of Developmental Processes, Volume 2, Issue 2, pp. 115- 119*.


Botero, M. (2009) Review of Onflow; Dynamics of Consciousness and Experience R. Pred, MIT Press. Metapsychology Reviews Online, Volume 10, Issue 31.


Web Based Publications

Botero, M. (2015, July 20-24). Featured scholar. The Brains Blog. 


Botero, M. (2009). More than Designing an Ethogram, The Implications of Choosing a Methodology in Primatology. Philosophy of Science Archive.


Philosophical Translations

Spanish Translation Hosle, V. (2002) Plato and Darwinism. Universitas Philosophica 39, p. 11-48.


In Preparation

Botero, M. (revise and resubmit) Prolegomenon to the Development of Basic Emotions in Apes and Humans, Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences.


Botero, M. (under review) Autonomous Chimpanzees Clocking Out for the Last Time: The Moral Argument Behind a Decision to Retire Chimpanzees from Research as a Guideline for the Use of Animals in Research.


Botero, M. & Desforges, D. (under review) Folk Moral Intuitions in Animal Ethics Committees.


Botero, M., MacDonald, S., Shanker, S. & Pusey, A. (in progress), A longitudinal study of mother-infant interaction on anxiety and social behavior of infant chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) at Gombe National Park, Tanzania. 


Botero, M. & Schneider C. (in progress) Onset of Communicative Gestures in Infant Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) in Captive and Wild Settings.




The Folk Are the Experts or the Irrelevance of Philosophers to Animal Ethics Committees

  • Buffalo Annual Experimental Philosophy Conference, September 2016, Buffalo NY.

Characterizing Interaction in the Study of the Evolution of Social Cognition in Apes and Humans

  • Texas Association of Biological Anthropologist Meeting, November 2015, Lubbok, TX.

Primate Emotion

  • International Society for the Research on Emotion (ISRE), (poster), July 2015, Geneva, Switzerland.

What Must the Folk Know? The Role of Foreknowledge in Intentionality and Blame Ascriptions

  • Buffalo Annual Experimental Philosophy Conference, September 2014, Buffalo NY.

Primate Mother: The mother of All Collective Basic Emotions

  • Collective Intentionality IX Conference, September 2014, Bloomington IN.

Texan Folk Intuitions on Intentionality, Blame, and the Death Penalty: Where What the Folk Think Really Matters, (Botero, Bucafurni-Huber and Desforges),

  • Association for the Practical and Professional Ethics, February 2013, San Antonio TX.

Anxiety-related Behavior of Orphan Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) at Gombe National Park, Tanzania

  • Texas Association of Biological Anthropologist Meeting, November 2014, Lubbock, Texas.
  • Southern Society for Philosophy and Psychology, June 2013, Austin, TX.
  • Society for Philosophy and Psychology, (poster), June 2012, Boulder, CO.

How Primate Mothers and Infants Communicate, Characterizing Interaction in Mother-Infant Studies

  • From Grooming to Speaking: Recent trends in social primatology and human ethology, Centre for Philosophy of Science, September 2012, University of Lisbon, Portugal.

Social Emotions. Commentary to M. Brady “In Defense of Valence: How to Solve Hume’s Puzzle About Emotions”

  • Southern Society for Philosophy and Psychology, March 2012, Savannah, Georgia.

Extended Basic Emotions.

  • Society for Philosophy and Psychology, July 2011, Montreal, Canada.

More than Designing an Ethogram: The Implications of Choosing a Methodology in Primatology.

  • European Association of Philosophy of Science, October 2009, Vrije University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Beyond Skin and Hair: An Extended Mind Conception of the Chimpanzee Mind.

  • Cognition: Embodied, Embedded, Enactive, Extended, October 2007, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL.

Genderless Subjects in Cognitive Science: Physicalism in the Transgender World

  • International Society for Theoretical Psychology, June 2007, Toronto,



Time as the Web of Reality: The Concept of Time in Cognitive Science

  • Society for Philosophy and Psychology, June 2007 (poster), Toronto, Canada.

A Neurophysiological Approach to the 17th Century Distinction Between Primary and Secondary Properties of Knowledge

  • Fourth International Congress of Philosophy of Science of Latin America, May 2002 Agua de Lindohia, Brasil.

 A Neurophysiological Approach to Realism and Primary Properties

  • Philosophy Professors Colloquium, October 2001, Pontificia Universidad

Javeriana, Bogotá, Colombia.


An Evolutionary Approach to Ethics

  • Philosophy Professors Colloquium, March, 2000, Pontificia Universidad

Javeriana, Bogotá, Colombia.




Touch and Primates: Pushing Open the Doors of Social Perception

  • Southern Society for Philosophy and Psychology, March 2016, Louisville, KY.

Gaze and Touch in the Study of Human and Non-human Joint Attention

  • Philosophy Department, May 2015, University of Houston, Houston, TX.

Methods and Mind in the Study of Ape Mother-Infant Interaction

  • Psychology Department, scheduled for July 2015, could not attend for personal reasons, University of East London, London, England.

EWCAT—Ethics, Western Civilization, and American Traditions: An Experiment in Transformational Education” (Hendrickson, de Castro, Fair, Botero, and Krienke)

  • Presentation at the College of Education Colloquium Fall, 2013, Sam Houston State University, Huntsville, TX.

Chimpanzees in Gombe, Mind and Emotion in Mother-Infant Interaction

  • CHSS Colloquium, Fall 2010, Sam Houston State University, Huntsville, TX.

Philosophy as a Performative Act: Empirically Informed Philosophy and Observations in Chimpanzees

  • Empirically Informed Philosophy, Department Conference, April 2006, York University, Toronto, Canada.

Perspectives on Philosophy of Science in Latin America

  • Philosophy Lectures, May 2001, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá, Colombia.





Office of the Vice President for Student Services, Sam Houston State University, Student Recognition as Outstanding Faculty




National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) Summer Institute on Experimental Philosophy, University of Arizona ($3,900)




President Susan Mann Dissertation Scholarship, York University, Canada ($21,000)




Research Fellowship Milton and Ethel Harris Research Initiative

Mother-Infant Interaction in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) ($50,000)




Ontario Government Scholarship, Canada ($10,000)




Ontario Government Scholarship, Canada ($10,000)




PhD Entrance Scholarship, York University, Canada ($4,000)




International Scholarship, York University, Canada ($9,000)




Best Philosophy Teacher, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá, Colombia



Student Supervision


Faculty Advisor McNair Project

“Moral Implications in the Development of Artificial Intelligence (A.I.)”


The Ronald E. McNair Postbaccalaureate Achievement Program is designed to provide talented low-income/ first generation and ethnic minority undergraduate students with effective preparation for doctoral study by providing opportunities for undergraduates to define their goals, develop research skills and engage in research.


Independent Studies and Student Honors College Research Projects


Do Characters in Silent Hills: Shattered Memories (Video Game) Exist? Descartes and Existence





2015 (cont.)


Is the Religious Feeling an Aesthetic Experience? Testing Folk Intuitions

An Ancient Response to Early Modernity’s Mind-Body Problem

Non-Voluntary Euthanasia and its Lingering Effects

Animal Ethics

Limitations of Utilitarianism

The Relevance of Cultural Relativism; A Contrast Between Sociology and Philosophy




The Affordable Care Act: Affordable for Whom?

 Modern-Day Slavery and Morality




Changing our Minds: A Physicalist Approach

Euthanasia and Self-Determination




Buddhism and Utilitarianism

A Patterned Process Approach via Meditation




Maternal Behaviors in Chimpanzees, Introduction to Development of Research Projects




Moral Psychology; Doctrine of Double-Effect and Bias in Intentionality Ascriptions (co-taught)

Courses taught

Sam Houston

PHIL4361 Philosophy of Mind and Consciousness  (2011-present)

PHIL3372 Philosophy of Science (2011-present)

PHIL2306 Contemporary Moral Issues (2010-present)

Guest Lecturer Honors College Seminars


HONR 3343 Film & Society, Lecture “Take Your Stinking Paws Off Me, You Damn Dirty Ape! Primatology and the 1968 Film Planet of the Apes” (2016)

HONR 3375 Difficult Dialogues (Sex), Lecture “Mind, Body and Shame; A Feminist Approach” (2016)

HONR 3322 Journeys Lecture, “A Philosopher in Africa; The Intersection Between Philosophy and Primatology” (2013)


York University

PHIL4080 Seminar in Philosophy of Mind: Consciousness, York University (2010)

PHIL 2240 Introduction to the Philosophy of Mind, York University (2009)

PHIL 2160 Mind, Brain and Self, York University (2007)

Pontificia Universidad Javeriana

Epistemology M.A. seminar (2002)

Foundations of Natural Sciences (1999-2002)

Foundations of Social Sciences, (2000-2002)


Philosophy of Social Sciences, (2001-2002)

Philosophy of Science, (1999-2002)

Evolutionary Theory and Ethics, (2001)

Theory of Knowledge, Undergraduate Program in Business Administration (1999-2002)



Service to the Department


Committee for Redesign of SACS Assessment Questionnaire-Contemporary Moral Issues




Hiring Committee for Tenure-Track Position in Bioethics

Hiring Committee for Visiting Professor Position in Social and Political Philosophy

Hiring Committee for Visiting Professor Position in American Philosophy

Committee for Developing SACS Outcome Goals for Contemporary Moral Issues (Chair)

Organizer of the Research Group on Applied Ethics and Moral Psychology




Hiring committee Visiting Professor

Hiring committee Postdoctoral Researcher 

Philosophy Representative for “Saturday’s at SAM”





Committee to Evaluate and Suggest a Rubrick for Chair’s Evaluation of Teaching, Psychology and Philosophy Program

Core Curriculum Committee, Philosophy

Committee for Developing a Strategic Plan for SACS Evaluation of Contemporary Moral Issues (Chair)

Hiring Committee for Tenure-Track position




Committee for the Development of the Philosophy Program Peer Review of Teaching Form




Update and maintenance of the Philosophy Program website



Service to the University


Advisory Board of the Establishing Leadership In and Through Education program (ELITE) program.

Recognizing that the national graduation rates for male minority students are among the lowest in the country, this program targets minority male students offering mentorship with the goal of bridging this gap.

2013- Present  

Faculty Moderator Undergraduate Research Symposium, Honors College, Sam Houston State University 




CHSS Research Council


Conversation Leader at Let’s Talk! A Night of Conversation, funding event for the Elliott T. Bowers honors College


Service To The Profession


Referee (Journals)

Philosophical Psychology (2016)

International Journal of Biodiversity (2015)

Conservation and Behavioral Sciences (2014)


Referee (Conferences)


Society for Psychology and Philosophy (SPP) (2012)




Phi Sigma Tau Advisor, Honor Society in Philosophy, Sam Houston State Chapter (2014-Present)

Conference Co-organizer

Co-Organizer of Texas Association of Biological Anthropologists (TABA) Anthropology Association Meeting, Sam Houston State University (2014)




Reading Group on Animal Cognition with Professors Anne Russon (York University) and Kristin Andrews (York University) 2006, York University, Canada.


Reading Group on Dynamical Systems Theory and Neuroscience with Professors Mark Lewis (OEISI) and Evan Thompson (University of Toronto). 2002-2004, Canada.


Research Group in Bioethics, 2000-2001, Insituto de Bioetica, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Colombia.



Field work observations of the chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii), Gombe National Park, Tanzania, Africa, August-December 2005


Research Assistant Cuba-Mexico-Canada Research Initiative, an international, multi- disciplinary investigation into preventative mental health, York University, October- February 2007-2008