Summer 2001


Welcome to the second issue of Professional Issues in Counseling, the online journal in counseling sponsored by the Department of Educational Leadership and Counseling at Sam Houston State University. As with any major project, the publication of these issues would not be possible without the support and guidance from many individuals. We want to thank the members of the editorial review board who have so graciously spent many hours reviewing the submitted manuscripts. This is a professional commitment in addition to all their regular ongoing responsibilities.

Also, the editors want to thank Dasha Taylor, a graduate student in the counseling program at Sam Houston State University, for carrying most of the editorial routing tasks and who has also mastered the Dreamweaver program to make the publications possible. The dedication to details and her independent work ethic have been greatly appreciated by us. Dasha has written the Ethics Corner scenario for this issue.

For the next issue of Professional Issues in Counseling, we plan on highlighting the research work of graduate students. We encourage students to submit their master's or doctoral research projects for this issue which will be published in November.


Preparando Conseferos Paras Ninos: Preparing the Counselors for the Children Model: An Ethical Perspective

Rebecca A. Robles-Pina, Ph.D.
Sam Houston State University


The purpose of this article is to present a model for counseling with culturally and linguistically diverse student populations. The development of the model “Preparando Consejeros Para Ninos” was made possible by a grant funded by the Office of Bilingual Education and Language Minority Affairs (OBEMLA). The primary purpose of the grant is to train 40 bilingual school counselors within a five-year period. The supporting goals of the grant and the related multicultural counseling literature are discussed from an ethical perspective. Some of the ethical guidelines discussed are respecting diversity, confidentiality, informed consent, and consultation. A discussion of ethics is important due to the violations that may occur when counseling is provided to culturally and linguistically diverse students by counselors who have not had the proper training. Finally, implications for school counseling training programs are advanced.

Supervision: A Guide for Beginning Counselors

Dale E. Pehrsson, Ph.D. & Michael A. Ingram, Ph.D.
Oregon State University


The supervisory relationship is a key factor for professional development and creates an opportunity for rich learning experiences for both supervisors and supervisees. Yet, emerging counselors may not be fully prepared to establish such relationships. This article is designed to guide the beginning professional through the process of selecting an appropriate supervisor and forming a professional supervision relationship.

The Supervision Process: Complications and Concerns

Judy DeTrude, Ph.D.
Sam Houston State University


The supervision relationship requires examination of multiple issues, and the supervisory process must incorporate sensitivity to the role and responsibilities of both the supervisor and the supervisee. This article discusses several of the major supervisory ethical issues in the literature and presents a research survey of supervisors and supervisees in diverse settings. Supervisors and supervisees were asked to discuss their major ethical concerns. An important finding of this study is the commonality of responses for both the supervisors and supervisees in counseling and educational settings. The results also indicated that these commonalities exist in occupational fields completely unrelated to counseling and education. Respondents expressed their ethical concerns within the supervisory relationship and commented on ethical issues in their work setting. The findings in this research study seem to be congruent with those found in the literature which highlight the complexity of the supervisory relationship and possible ethical issues encountered during supervision.

Ethical Diagnosis: Teaching Strategies for Gender and Cultural Sensitivity

Thomas J. Hernández and Susan R. Seem
State University of New York College at Brockport


Counselor educators have a responsibility to teach students how to ethically diagnose in ways that respect diversity. A contextual understanding of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition, Text Revision (American Psychiatric Association, 2000) and an awareness of the individual clinician’s values, and potential biases are essential to ethical diagnosis. This article presents teaching strategies to help counseling students learn how to consider gender and culture in the ethical diagnosis of mental disorders.