Spring 2011


An Analysis of Supervision Modalities Utilized in CACREP On-Campus Clinical Training Programs: Results of a National Survey

Pit Kolodinsky
Northern Arizona University in Yuma
Charles V. Lindsey
University of Wisconsin Oshkosh
Mark Young
Gonzaga University
Nick Lund
Professor Emeritus
Northern Arizona University
Bennett Edgerly
Doctoral student in Counseling Psychology, Northern Arizona University
Michael Zlatev
Doctoral student in Counseling Psychology, SUNY Albany


Given that the new 2009 CACREP standards are now being rapidly implemented among CACREP-accredited Counselor Education programs, a systematic review of CACREP programs’ supervision practices was considered by the authors to be timely.  As such, a national survey was conducted in order to examine the breadth of supervision modalities methods.  Findings indicated that live supervision appears to be trending upward, and that many professors seek to either expand the quality of live supervision technology they already have, or, among those that do not have that option, they wish to implement it if they can overcome logistical and/or financial obstacles.

Defining Counseling Professional Identity from a Gendered Perspective: Role Conflict and Development

Amanda C. Healey and Danica G. Hays
Sam Houston State University
Old Dominion University/p>


Professional identity results from a developmental process that facilitates a growing understanding of self in one’s chosen field, enabling one to articulate her or his role to others within and outside of the discipline (Brott & Myers, 1999; Smith & Robinson, 1995). In order to merge the personal and professional, every arena of one’s life will be reflected upon as the new professional emerges.  This conceptual manuscript highlights how professional identity relates to personal beliefs, life experiences and gender role expectations.  Implications for counselor educators and practitioners will be discussed.

Keywords: counseling, professional identity, gender, success

The relationship between psycho-social stage resolutions and self-reported dynamics in the clinical supervision of counseling practicum students

Joshua M. Gold
University of South Carolina


As a component of the “personalization” issues of counselors-in-training, the issue of previous life experience is seen to affect clinical training and supervision. This study investigated how counseling students’ differing resolutions of the stages of Erikson’s developmental psycho-social model were related to their perceptions of the dynamics of supervision received during practicum. Eighty-seven practicum counseling students completed the Measures of Psychosocial Development and the Working Alliance Inventory. The analysis revealed statistically significant (p<.01) results in terms of understanding the quality of the supervisory relationship based on students’ stage resolutions. These findings offer implications for clinical training and supervision.

Keywordsclinical training clinical supervision, personalization issues, self-of-the-counselor

Social Interest and Differentiation of Self

Patrick Johnson
Portland State University

Adina J. Smith
Montana State University


In this study, we assessed the relationship between differentiation of self and social interest, providing a family systems conceptualization of the Adlerian concept. Participants were 813 college student volunteers who completed measures of differentiation and social interest. Results indicate that various dimensions of differentiation have unique effects on social interest. Implications of these results are discussed.

Keywordssocial interest, differentiation, Adler, Bowen, family systems theory