Welcome to the Fall 2010 issue of Professional Issues in Counseling. Seven articles are featured in this issue of PIIC and promise to offer something of interest to everyone in the helping profession. Research topics presented in this issue include: how to address multicultural issues in counseling, self-injury behavior among adolescents, counselor wellness behavior, Adlerian counseling with Hispanic children, mother-daughter relationship and reading achievement among Hispanic freshman women, client personality and preference for counseling, and college student’s perception of couples counseling. We extend sincere appreciate to the professionals who presented their manuscripts for publication in PIIC and invite other professional to consider submitting their research writings as well.
PIIC is pleased to announce that we have extended our panel of professional reviewers and offer our gratitude to those who responded to our request for reviewers for the journal.
Monica A. Polonyi
Sam Houston State University
The Hispanic population in the United States has rapidly increased over the last decade and is underrepresented and cared for in mental health services (Garza & Watts, 2010). Research has illustrated that Adlerian counseling is effective in working with diverse populations, including the Hispanic population, and in various settings (Carlson & Carlson, 2000; Frevert & Miranda, 1998). According to Sue, Arrendondo, and McDavis (1992) counselors ought to demonstrate awareness and sensitivity of the cultural values, beliefs, and world views of their clients. This article examines the usefulness of Adlerian counseling tenets among the Hispanic population. For the purpose of this paper the term Hispanic refers to the ethnicity of persons who were born, have parents born, or are descendants of Mexico or other Central American countries. In this article the following four concepts are reviewed: (a) under utilization of mental health services among Hispanics, (b) an overview of Adlerian counseling tenets, (c) the integration of Adlerian counseling tenets with the Hispanic population, and (d) considerations and recommendations.
Keywords: Hispanic, Adlerian, Multicultural counseling
Factors Associated with the Quality of the Mother-Daughter Relationship and Reading Achievement Among Hispanic College Freshman Women
Clayton Daniel Anderson, M.A.
The Peak Psychiatric Hospital
Santa Teresa, N.M.
Stephen W. Johnson, Ph.D.
Don C. Combs, Ed.D.
University of Texas at El Paso
El Paso, Texas
The effects of mother-daughter cohesion, parental marital status, living with parents, and English as a second language on reading achievement of Hispanic freshman females were investigated. Forty-two first semester Hispanic freshman females enrolled in introductory, first-semester freshman courses at a predominately Hispanic southwestern university completed the Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale IV (FACES IV) and the Wide Range Achievement Test – 3rd Edition (WRAT – 3) Reading test during the Fall, 2006 semester. Results indicated that mother-daughter cohesion, parental marital status and living with parents were significant factors associated with reading achievement scores (p < .033). English as a second language was not a significant factor in reading achievement (p = .088). Implications for utilizing familial influences on reading were suggested.
Janet Froeschle, PhD
Texas Tech University
Mary G. Mayorga, Ph.D., LPC-S, NCC, CCDS
Jeffry Moe, PhD
University of Houston-Victoria
Counselor educators learn about the importance of practicing wellness behavior while in graduate school, but few scholars have investigated empirically the specific impact of counselor educators’ wellness behavior and its effect on counselor educator’s vulnerability to stress. The authors recruited a sample (n = 123) of counselor educators to assess counselor wellness behavior and stress. Results from the present study indicate that participants’ scores on a measure of wellness behavior predicted scores on a measure of vulnerability to stress over and above the effects of sex, age, and years of experience. Implications of this finding and directions for future research are discussed.
Timothy Holler and Christine M. Browning
University of Memphis
Research in the area of client personality predicting a preference for a counseling approach has been ongoing for many years and has revealed some interesting and often contradictory results. The present study investigates client personality as a predictor for Psychoanalytic, Client-Centered or Cognitive counseling approach. One hundred forty-five participants completed the NEO Personality Inventory-Revised and the Preferences for Psychotherapy Approaches Scale-Revised. Results revealed that participants who scored higher on Extraversion prefer Psychoanalytic counseling approach. Of the four remaining NEO-PI-R personality styles, none predicted for counseling approach, even after controlling for gender, race, and age.
Kylie Dotson-Blake and David Knox
East Carolina University
Angela R. Holman
>University of North Carolina Pembroke
This study explored the perceptions of college students regarding the benefits of counseling, their willingness to seek counseling and specifically their willingness to engage in counseling relevant to relationship concerns. Data were assessed and analyzed by class level, race/ethnicity, and gender. The findings revealed a greater willingness on the part of upperclassmen and graduate students to seek counseling, engage in couples counseling for relationship concerns and to discuss emotions and feelings. In the specific area of couples counseling, female and European American participants were more likely to indicate a willingness to participate in couples counseling than male participants and participants identifying as members of racial minority groups. Implications related to the findings are provided.
How multicultural issues are addressed in counseling research and practice: Group-specific and multicultural approaches
The tripartite model of multicultural counseling competency has activated organizational emphasis on improving counselor abilities to work with diverse clients. It has also generated a controversy over how multicultural issues might be addressed in multicultural counseling research and practice. This paper provides a socio-historical context in which the need for multicultural counseling competencies emerged. It also reviews the contributions and criticisms of the competencies model and discusses two different approaches to address multicultural issues in multicultural counseling research and practice.
Michael Moyer, PhD, LPC
Jeremy Sullivan, PhD
University of Texas at San Antonio
Counselors are increasingly faced with the task of responding to non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) behaviors among clients. Mental health counselors must be able to adequately and efficiently identify the behavior and determine the course of action that will best support the client. This paper provides counselors with an overview of assessment methods that may facilitate decision making when working with adolescents who self-injure, with particular attention given to three scales with preliminary evidence for psychometric adequacy. The authors also discuss intervention strategies that may be especially helpful when counseling these adolescents. Finally, areas for continued research are discussed.