2016 Articles

Chinese Breast Cancer Survivors

Ya–Furjen Deng, Sam Houston State University, Ya–Wen (Melissa) Liang, Texas A & M University-Kingsville, Amanda La Guardia, University of Cincinnati, and Helen Sun, Light and Salt Association


Breast cancer is the most common cancer among Asian American women. Chinese is the largest Asian subgroup in United States. However, Chinese breast cancer survivors’ adjustment to language barriers and access to intervention programs are rarely addressed in literature. This study examined the influence of a culturally tailored cancer support program on quality of life among Chinese immigrant breast cancer survivors. Results indicated that a cancer support program tailored to the specific needs of an ethnic group helped cancer survivors embrace positive attitudes and obtain tangible resources to enhance quality of life during cancer progression.

Keywords: Chinese immigrants, breast cancer survivors, quality of life, support group

Conjointly Defining a Therapeutic Direction

Joshua M. Gold
University of South Carolina


The rationale for the use of therapeutic conversations to generate “collaborative intentionality” in clinical service are presented. This treatise is exemplified by a sample case study. In addition, implications for graduate education, clinical supervision, and future research are provided.

Keywords: Common factors, intentionality, therapeutic direction

Family Therapy And School Counselors: Education, Consultation, and Case Illustration

Tony D.Crespi, University of Hartford, S. Kent Butler, University of Central Florida


Families are experiencing profound changes. In the United States, for instance, more then one million families are impacted annually by divorce. While this is commonly known, what is often unknown are critical details involving impacts on family functioning following divorce. As illustration, following a divorce only 31% of fathers have weekly contact with their children and this decreased involvement can significantly impact both grade point averages as well as social relationships. Also unknown to many, on the professional front Marriage and Family Therapists [MFT’s] are working to establish school-based certification in increasing numbers of states to help children and families within a school context. This paper glimpses the literature on families, provides an overview on MFT credentialing as a template for education and training for those interested in this area of practice, and the issues relative to schools are explored.

Keywords: Family Therapy, School Counseling, School Supervision, Training Standards

Training of Counselors of Transgender Clients

Sara Bender
Central Washington University


Past research indicates that individuals within the transgender community are prone to anxiety, depression, substance abuse, and suicidal ideation, yet many of its members have not sought counseling services secondary to their concerns regarding professionals’ competencies as well as the profession’s past efforts to regulate the transition process. The purpose of this exploratory study was to determine CACREP programs’ efforts to address transgender issues within their counselor education curriculum. The results indicate that while issues affecting those within the transgender community are addressed in many CACREP programs, time allocated to doing so remains limited. Implications and suggestions for future actions are discussed.

Keywords: counselor education, transgender, CACREP

The Female Juvenile Offender: Therapeutic Considerations

Katelin R Burton, Chi-Sing Li
Sam Houston State University


Historically, male adolescents have been incarcerated in juvenile detention facilities at higher rates than female adolescents. However, females are currently the fastest growing population in the juvenile justice system. Most counseling interventions for youthful offenders are designed for males; unfortunately, many researchers suggest that these interventions may not be effective for females, because female adolescents experience unique situations and circumstances. Furthermore, the interventions designed for female adult offenders may not be similarly applied to female juvenile offenders, due to cognitive differences between adults and adolescents. This paper reviews the existing literature related to the mental health needs of female juvenile offenders, and current counseling interventions that are used with female juvenile offenders are examined. Future research should focus on the development of empirically-based gender-specific and age-appropriate interventions for the growing population of female juvenile offenders.

Keywords: female juvenile offenders, female adolescents, delinquency, therapeutic interventions