2012 Articles

A Systemic Approach to Program Evaluation and Student Learning Outcomes in Counselor Education

Leila F. Roach, Brigid M. Noonan, Sara Meghan Walter
Stetson University

Leila F. Roach, Assistant Professor, Department of Counselor Education, Stetson University
Brigid M. Noonan, Associate Professor, Department of Counselor Education, Stetson University
Sara Meghan Walter, Assistant Professor, Department of Counselor Education, Stetson University.


The purpose of this article is to describe the role of program evaluation in counselor preparation, with special attention to student learning outcomes and Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs (CACREP) standards.  A systemic approach to continuous evaluation and student learning outcomes implemented by one counselor education program at a private university in the Southeastern United States will be presented.  Additionally, a case example to illustrate the process of assessment for a student from admission to graduation will be offered, as well as a discussion of the benefits and challenges to the implementation of the assessment program.

Keywords:  counselor education, assessment, program evaluation, learning outcomes

Ethical Guidelines for the Use of Prayer in Counseling

Timothy E. Coppock, Ph.D
Susan Huss, Ph.D
Ashley M. Gleason, B.A.
Kalyn E. Carney, B.A.
Sarah Garnham, B.A.

Dr. Timothy E. Coppock is an assistant professor in the Clinical Mental Health Counseling of Gannon University.
Dr. Susan Norris Huss, is associate professor in Mental Health and School Counseling of Bowling Green State University.
Ms. Ashley M. Gleason and Ms. Kalyn E. Carney received their degrees from the Gannon University.
Ms. Sara Garnham received her degree from the Bowling Green State University


Spirituality has increasingly been recognized as an essential ingredient in counseling and has led to a corresponding increase in the use of prayer as a counseling technique.  The increase in the use of prayer has made it essential for the profession to provide ethical guidelines. This article provides a review of recent counseling literature and brief review of the ethical codes of the associations pertinent to the counseling profession with regard to the use of prayer in counseling.  Four ethical guidelines have been developed and discussed: self-awareness, informed consent, spiritual assessment, and supervision. Recommendations have been given for counselors who opt for the use of prayer within their practice, including specific recommendations for supervision.

Keywords: ethical guidelines, prayer, counseling, spiritual, supervision

Student-Athlete Success Planning for Academics and Career Development: Practice, Self-Awareness, and Processing

J. Scott Glass
East Carolina University
Associate Professor, Department of Higher, Adult and Counselor Education, East Carolina University


Being a college student in today’s world is a demanding role to play.  Student-athletes feel increased demand based on the on- and off-field expectations placed on them.  Because of the demands regarding grades, degree completion and sport performance on these students, there has been a call to support and improve the life skills of collegiate student-athletes (NCAA, 1995).  This article looks at academic effectiveness and the career development of student-athletes during their collegiate sport experience. 

Keywords: Student-athlete, academics, career development

Measuring Emotional Regulation in Pre-practicum and Internship Counselor-in-training:
Using the Difficulties in Emotional Regulation Scale

Jeff Cook
Saint Mary’s College of California

Tim Bergquist
Northwest Christian University

Deborah Rubel
Oregon State University

Jeff Cook, Ph.D., Assistant Professor, Counseling Program at Saint Mary’s College of California
Tim Bergquist, Ph.D., Professor of Quantitative Methods at Northwest Christian University 
Deborah Rubel, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Counseling at Oregon State University.


Counselor educators have long been challenged to gauge both the aptitude of applicants and the preparedness of graduates to enter the counseling profession. The literature suggests that the ability to regulate emotion – to experience, modulate and display emotion – is central to successful counseling. This study uses the “Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale” (DERS) to identify whether or not internship students have a better ability to emotionally regulate in the presence of strong client emotion than pre-practicum students. Thirty-three pre-practicum and thirty-five internship counselor-in-training volunteers from a CACREP university participated.

Keywords: emotional regulation, DERS, internship counselor

Counseling Supervision: Where is the Manual for Working with the Millennial Generation?

Adina Smith and Rebecca L. Koltz
Montana State University

Adina Smith is an Associate Professor of Counseling in the Department of Health and Human Development, Montana State University.
Rebecca L. Koltz is an Assistant Professor Counseling in the Department of Health and Human Development, Montana State University.


Many students entering counseling programs across the country are from the newest generation, the “Millennials.” This generation is the largest generation since the Baby Boomers, and the Millennials are unique characteristics that both enhance and present unique challenges in supervision. The authors will address the characteristics of this generation, as well as provide strategies to enhance supervisory experiences.

Keywords:counseling programs, millennials, supervision