2008 Articles

Self-help books: An area of ethical responsibility for professional counselors

David J. Tobin
Jessica L. Bordonaro
Gannon University


Psychologists have periodically addressed concerns regarding the rapid expansion and utilization of self-help books and bibliotherapy; and have urged for greater ethical responsibility when selecting and marketing these books. Similarly, the proliferation of self-help books poses an area of ethical responsibility for professional counselors. An investigation into the psychology and counseling literature yielded guidelines for selecting and recommending self-help books and bibliotherapy. Ethical guidelines and professional responsibilities for dealing with consumers and the general public were reviewed. Counselors were cautioned to exercise careful scrutiny when evaluating self-help books.

Spiritual Well-Being and Psychological Well-Being in Mexican-American Catholics

Antonio Ramirez, Ph.D. Children, Family and Adult Consultants, San Antonio, TX
H. Ray Wooten Ph.D. and Christine A. Lumadue, Ph.D.
St. Mary's University, San Antonio


Spirituality is increasingly taking on greater importance within the field of counseling. This study attempts to promote greater understanding of the relationship between spirituality and health. Within the broad umbrella of spirituality as it relates to mental health, specific populations should be examined to honor the diversity of people. This study investigated the relationship between spiritual and psychological well-being in Mexican-Americans Catholics in South Texas using the Spiritual Well-Being Scale (Paloutzian & Ellison, 1982) and the Psychological Well-Being Scale (Ryff, 1989; Ryff & Keyes 1995). Results showed significant correlations between the scores on the measures as a whole and among the subscales. This indicates that there is a relationship between spiritual well-being and psychological well-being as related in this population.

Using Motivational Interviewing for Career and/or College Major Choice

Lynn Guillot Miller, Ph.D.
Kent State University


Since its inception motivational interviewing (MI) has been used with a variety of clients who abuse substances. It has also been used as a primary strategy in studies involving adolescents (Colby et al., 1998; Colby, Monti, & Tevyaw, 2006; Monti et al., 1999). Because of its success with adolescents, MI may have viability in motivating adolescents in other realms of their lives such as career and/or college major choice. Its brevity also makes it suitable for use by school counselors. Five basic principles of MI are examined and suggestions for tailoring these principles to school counseling are included.

Junior High and High School Students'Perceptions of School Based Drug Prevention

Janet Froeschle, Ph.D.
West Texas A & M University
Canyon, TX

Michael Moyer, Ph.D.
University of Texas-San Antonio
San Antonio, Texas


Age distinctions and perceived effectiveness of drug prevention programs among secondary students is not well understood. The present qualitative study investigated the personal meaning students express after exposure to drug prevention programs. Data collected from five randomly selected eighth grade students and five randomly selected high school students revealed preferences and perceptions of effectiveness in curriculum among age groups. Additionally, five purposively selected non-drug using high school seniors described factors they believed important in their successful resistance to drugs. These results may aid school counselors when developing drug prevention programs as part of comprehensive guidance and counseling programs.

On Becoming a Counselor Educator: One Person's Journey

Brigid M. Noonan, Ph.D.
Associate Professor, Department of Counselor Education
Stetson University, DeLand, FL


In this article, the author discusses the decision to become a counselor educator. Exploration surrounding personal and professional relationships, mentoring, and the balance between teaching, scholarship and service, as well as on-going professional development are presented.

Possession, Exorcism and Psychotherapy

Timothy C. Thomason
Northern Arizona University


For all of recorded history, almost all human beings have believed in a spiritual plane of existence that somehow interacts with people in their daily life. A common belief is that souls, spirits, and demons exist, and that evil spirits can invade people and cause illness, especially mental illness. Throughout history the preferred method for eliminating evil spirits has been some form of ritual invocation or exorcism. Rather than dying out, belief in spirits, demons, and the supernatural is widespread today, in both highly industrialized societies like the U.S. and in less technologically developed countries. An understanding of how these beliefs came about and how they are practiced today can help psychologists provide appropriate services for clients with such beliefs.