Survey of American Popular Music
by Frank Hoffmann and modified for the web by Robert Birkline

TABLE OF CONTENT - Jump to Menu
 

 

THE EVOLUTION OF NATIVE MUSIC STYLES
 
 
Introduction
Popular Music and Its Fundamentals
Prelude to 20th Century Popular Music in the U.S.
Survey of Leading Acoustic Era Recording Artists
  James Reese Europe
The Top Recording Artist Prior to the Depression

Jazz

  Acid Jazz
  SmoothJazz
  Ornette Coleman
  Mahavishnu Orchestra
  Pat Metheny
 

THE ROOTS OF ROCK MUSIC

 
  Lonnie Johnson
  Albert King
  Freddie King
  Victoria Spivey
   
  Willie Dixon
  Louis Jordan
  Ike Turner
  Big Joe Turner
  Vee-Jay Records
  Jackie Wilson
 
  Drifters
  Platters

 

A Cappella
Country and Western Music
  Brooks and Dunn
  Fiddlin' John Carson
  Dixie Chicks
  Faith Hill
  The Judds
  Loretta Lynn
  LeAnn Rimes
  Hank Snow
  Randy Travis
   
The Crooners/Tin Pan Alley Pop Tradition
  The Coming of the Crooners
  Gene Austin
  Bing Crosby
  Russ Columbo
 
THE CLASSIC ROCK 'N' ROLL ERA
 
Rockabilly
  Dorsey and Johnny Burnette
  Roy Orbison
  Carl Perkins
  Everly Brothers
  Little Richard
  Ritchie Valens
 
THE BRILL BUILDING ERA
 
Introduction
 The Teen Idols
  Christina Aguilera
  Frankie Avalon
  Pat Boone
  Brenda Lee
  Monkees
  'N Sync
Dance Crazes
  Chubby Checker
Rock Instrumentals
  Ventures
Novelty Songs
The Payola Scandal
  Alan Freed
Commercial Folk Music
  Phil Ochs
  Tom Rush
The Spector Sound
  Ellie Greenwich
The Girl Groups
 
THE BRITISH INVASION
 
Introduction
Animals
Bee Gees
Dave Clark Five
Herman's Hermits

Searchers

Shadows
10cc
Yardbirds
 
 
AMERICAN RENAISSANCE
 
Surf Music
Car Songs/Hot Rod Music
Folk Rock
  Byrds
  Donovan
  Pentangle
  Turtles
Protest Music
Soul Music
  Booker T. & the MGs
  Otis Redding
  Righteous Brothers
  Sam and Dave
  Percy Sledge
  Sly and the Family Stone
  Wilson Pickett
 
REGIONAL STYLES 
 
Introduction
New Orleans Sound
  Fats Domino

The Calypso Craze

Reggae
San Francisco Sound
  Country Joe and the Fish
  Janis Joplin

Southern Rock

Salsa
 
HYBRID CHILDREN OF ROCK
 
Introduction
Christian Rock/Christian Contemporary
Punk/Garage Rock
Psychedelia
Progressive Rock
  Classical Rock see Deep Purple
  Band
  Jeff Beck
  Creedence Clearwater Revival
  Emerson, Lake and Palmer
  Procol Harum
  Spirit
  Traffic
Country Rock
  Eagles

Latin Rock

Big Band Rock
  Blood, Sweat and Tears
Glitter Rock
Heavy Metal
  Black Sabbath
  Deep Purple

Euro-pop/Euro-rock

Rock and Roll Revival
Blues Revival
  Michael Bloomfield

Bubblegum

  Bell Records
  Buddah/Kama Sutra
  Tommy James and the Shondells
Singer/Songwriter Tradition
  Joni Mitchell
  Randy Newman
  Neil Sedaka
  Carly Simon
Soft Rock and Related Styles
  Middle-Of-The-Road (MOR)
    Herb Alpert (and the Tijuana Brass)
  Lovin' Spoonful
Power Pop
Album Oriented Rock (Radio)/AOR
  Boston
  Dire Straits
  Doobie Brothers
  John "Cougar" Mellencamp

Funk

  Ohio Players
  War
Disco
  Donna Summer

Rap/Hip Hop

  Africa Bambaataa
  EazyE
  Will Smith

Black Contemporary

  Anita Baker
  Boyz II Men
  Luther Vandross
   
 
'PUNK/NEW WAVE/POSTPUNK
  Clash
  Police
  Ramones
No Wave
Postpunk Music
  Beggars Banquet
  DIY

Hardcore

  Jello Biafra/Dead Kennedys
  Henry Rollins
  SST
Thrash
Oi
Industrial Music

White Noise and Its Stylistic Offshoots: Industrial Dance, House Music, Acid House, and Techno

Techno-Pop

The New Romantics
Ska/Bluebeat Revival
  Mighty Mighty Bosstones
  UB40

Goth Rock

Alternative Rock

  Beck

The Manc Sound

Trip-Hop
  Massive Attack
Riot Grrrl Movement
No Depression
 
OTHER NOTABLE GENRES AND TOPICS
 

Avant-Garde Rock

 

Klaus Schulze

  Tangerine Dream
  John Zorn

New Age Music

  William Ackerman
World Beat: Conjunto
Ambient Sound
  Orb

Pop Music Video Clips

Trade Publications
  Billboard

Record Producers

  Lou Adler
  Milt Gabler
  Bill Laswell

Record Company Executives

  Clive Davis

Recording Session Musicians

  Hal Blaine
   
   
APPENDICES
I: Lyrics To Selected Songs Recorded In The Acoustic Era
II: Number Of Recordings In Victor Catalog By Artist
III: Ratings Of Pioneer Era Recording Artists
IV: Audio Excerpts
V: Course Assignments
VI: Credits