1. "The Voyage of Hanno, commander of the Carthaginians, round the parts of Lilxya beyond the Pillars of Hercules, which he deposited in the temple of Saturn" in A.H. L. Heeren, Historical researches into the Politics, Intercourse and Trade of the Cathaginians, Ethiopians, and Egyptians, anonymus translator (Oxford: D. A. Talboys, 1832), pp. 492-501.

2. the straits of Gibraltar.

3. according to Heeres, between El Haratch and Marmora in Morocco.

4. according to Heeres, Cape Blanco, near Azimur in Morocco.

5. according to Heeres, in the districts of Safy or Asafy.

6. according to Heeres, perhaps this is the river Tersif or Maroc.

7. according to Heeres, either near Mogador or Santa Cruz.

8. according to Heeres, the Senegal River.

9. Hippopotamae.

10. according to Heeres, the mouth of the Senegal River.

11. according to Heeres, the mouth of the Gambia River.