Description and Governance of Texas Higher Education
Final authority for Texas higher education rests with the Legislature, which creates all public institutions; makes all appropriations; determines policy; accepts or overrules decisions of the Coordinating Board; and influences appointments through the advice and consent powers of the Senate.
The Texas Legislature sets broad policy, while delegating implementation to appropriate officials. The legislature has responsibility for financing public higher education, and authorizes funding methods to promote educational quality while demanding effective resource management and accountability.
The Coordinating Board, Texas College and University System, was created under that name by the Texas Legislature in 1965 for the purpose of achieving excellence for college education through efficient and effective utilization and concentration of all available resources and eliminating costly duplication in program offerings, facilities, and physical plants. Additional duties are assigned by the Legislature from time to time. The Board reports biennially to the Governor and Legislature on statewide needs in higher education. This board serves as a planning body to advise the Legislature on higher education and to coordinate designated services statewide.
The official governing body of Sam Houston State University is the Board of Regents of The Texas State University System. Institutions governed by this board are: Lamar University - Beaumont, Lamar University - Orange, Lamar University - Port Arthur, Lamar University Institute of Technology, Sam Houston State University, Texas State University – San Marcos, Sul Ross State University, and Sul Ross Rio Grande College. A publication, RULES AND REGULATIONS, The Texas State University System, adopted September 1, 1980, and revised annually, is both current and comprehensive in identifying, defining, and describing Board authority and policies of governance.