DEPARTMENT OF MUSIC
Course Description

Major
Minor

CHAIR: To Be Named

FACULTY: Barrett, Best, Cannon, Corbin, DeMers, Foster, Howey, Mallard, Miller, Nolteriek, Plugge, Raatz, Ryder, Schroeder, Smith, Strong, Velickovic, Wile

The Bachelor of Music curricula of the Department of Music are accredited by the National Association of Schools of Music.

 
Curriculum: Major in Music
BACHELOR OF MUSIC
(with Teacher Certification)
INSTRUMENTAL EMPHASIS
(for students preparing to teach junior high or high school band or orchestra)
  
First Year Credit Second Year Credit
MUS 113, 116, 122, 123, 124, 125 10 MUS 213, 216, 222, 223, 224, 226  10
MUS (Principal Instrument) 4 MUS 138, 376 6
Piano 2 MUS (Principal Instrument) 4
ENG 164, 165 6 Piano 2
HIS 163, 164 6 BIO, CHM, GEL/GEO 131/111, or PHY (from 2 different departments) 4
MTH (164 or approved substitute) 3 ENG 265, 275, 295, or 373 6
CS 138 3 Total 32
KIN 215 or accepted substitute 1-3
Total 36-38

Third Year
Credit Fourth Year Credit
MUS 313, 316; 362; 377, 378, 379 11 MUS 310, 314, 424, 461 7
MUS (Advanced Theory Elective) 3 MUS (Principal Instrument)  2
MUS (Principal Instrument)  4 SCM 384 3
BIO, CHM, GEL/GEO 131/111, or PHY 
(from two different departments)
4 SED 392, 394, 464, 480, 496 15
POL 261, POL elective from Criterion VI 6 6 EED 491 3
EED 374  3 Total 31
SED 383 3
Total 34
 
 
 
  CHORAL EMPHASIS
(for students preparing to teach junior high or high school choir)
First Year Credit Second Year Credit
MUS 122, 123, 124,125  8 MUS 222, 223, 224, 226  8
MUS 117; 118 or 119 2 MUS 118 or 119 1
Voice 4 MUS 138, 376 6
Piano 2 Voice 4
ENG 164, 165 6 Piano 2
HIS 163, 164 6 BIO, CHM, GEL/GEO 131/111, or PHY
MTH (164 or approved substitute) 3 (from 2 different departments) 4
CS 138 3 ENG 265, 275, 295, or 373 6
KIN 215 or accepted substitute  1 Total 31
KIN activity or accepted substitute 1-3
Total 36-38
 
Third Year Credit Fourth Year  Credit
MUS 367; 377, 378or 379 9  MUS 314, 424, 462 6
MUS (Advanced Theory Elective) 3 Voice 2
Voice 4 SCM 384 3
BIO, CHM, GEL/GEO 131/111, or PHY SED 392, 394, 464, 480, 496 15
(from two different departments) 4 EED 491 3
POL 261, POL elective from Criterion VI  6 Total 29
EED 374 3
SED 383 3
Total 32
 
 
 
ELEMENTARY MUSIC EMPHASIS
(for students preparing to teach general music, grades K-8)
First Year  Credit Second Year Credit
MUS 122, 123, 124, 125  8 MUS 222, 223, 224, 226  8
MUS (Principal Instrument) 4 MUS 138, 376 6
Piano 2 MUS (Principal Instrument) 4
ENG 164, 165 6 Piano 2
HIS 163, 164 6 BIO, CHM, GEL/GEO 131/111, or PHY 
MTH (164 or approved substitute) 3 (from two different departments) 4
CS 138 3 ENG 265, 275, 295, or 373 6
KIN 215 or accepted substitute 1 Total 30
KIN activity or accepted substitute 1-3
Total 34-36
 
Third Year  Credit Fourth Year Credit
MUS 367, 368; 377, 378 or 379 12 MUS 314, 424, 493 6
MUS (Principal Instrument) 4 MUS (Principal Instrument) 2
MUS (Advanced Theory Elective) 3 SCM 384 3
BIO, CHM, GEL/GEO 131/111, or PHY SED 392, 394, 464, 480, 496 15
(from two different departments) 4 EED 491 3
POL 261, POL elective from Criterion VI 6 Total 29
EED 374  3
SED 383 3
Total 35
 

Students concentrating in piano rather than in an orchestral instrument or voice make the following alterations in the instrumental or choral program curriculum outlines:

1. Minor performance is voice, organ, or orchestral instrument instead of
piano.

2. MUS 492 is required of piano concentrates.

3. Participation each semester in a major performing ensemble (choir, orchestra, or band). Accompanying will be considered a major performance ensemble for a portion of this requirement (refer to current student handbook for details of this requirement).

A curriculum for the Bachelor of Music degree with teacher certification, when successfully completed, qualifies a candidate for a Provisional All-Level Music Certificate to teach in kindergarten through twelfth grade. This degree will not be awarded unless the student successfully completes the required EED and SED courses.
 
Curriculum: Major in Music
BACHELOR OF MUSIC
PROGRAMS IN THEORY/COMPOSITION, MUSIC LITERATURE
OR MUSIC PERFORMANCE
I. General Education: ENG 164, 165
ENG 265, 275, or 295 (3 hours)
ENG (200 level or higher) or SCM (3 hours)
HIS 163, 164
POL 261; POL elective from POL 335, 361, 368, 370, 387, and 484
MTH (164 or approved substitute)
MTH, CS, PHL 262 or PHL 362 (3 hours)
BIO, CHM, GEL/GEO 131/111, or PHY (from two different departments) (8 hours)
KIN 215 or accepted substitute (1 hour)
KIN activity or accepted substitute (1-3 hours)
Criterion VI (3 additional hours)
FL: Music Literature Majors (14 hours) GER 141, 142, 263, 264; Vocal Majors (14 hours) GER 141, 142, 263, and 264; all others (8 hours) GER 141, 142 or FRN 141, 142
Electives (0-8 hours)
II. Music Core: Music Theory 122, 123, 124, 125, 222, 223, 224, adv. electives (11); Vocal Majors (8).
Music Literature/History 138, 376; 377, 378 or 379.
Music Performance 226, 314, 424, piano (4), principal instrument (16).
III. Area of specialization: Theory-Composition add: MUS 362, 371, 372, 465, instrumental technique courses (3), 301x level piano (4).
Music Literature add: Music literature electives (12), piano (4).
Instrumental Performance* add: junior recital, senior recital, principal instrument (12), MUS 461.
Vocal Performance add: junior recital, senior recital, MUS 117, 118, 119, 462, voice (12).
Piano Performance add: junior recital, senior recital, MUS 492, piano (12), elective (3 hours).
Organ Performance add: junior recital, senior recital, organ (12) electives (6).
* Violin, Viola, Violoncello, Double Bass, Flute, Clarinet, Oboe, Bassoon, Saxophone, Horn, Trumpet, Trombone, Euphonium, Tuba, Percussion.

Piano majors may elect an emphasis in accompanying rather than solo performance. See the department chair for requirements.

 
Curriculum: Major in Music Therapy
BACHELOR OF MUSIC
I. General Education: ENG 164, 165
ENG 265, 275, or 295 (3 hours)
ENG (200 level or higher) or SCM (3 hours)
MTH 169 or CS
MTH 164 (or appropriate substitute)
BIO 245
HIS 163, 164
POL 261, 335
PHL 471
KIN 215 or accepted substitute
KIN activity or accepted substitute (Dance course recommended) (1-3 hours)
II. Music Core: Music Theory 122, 123, 124, 125, 222, 223, 224
Music Literature/ History 138; 376, 377, 378 or 379
Music Performance 226, piano (4 hours), 162, 165, principal instrument (12 hours), ensembles (8 hours)
Instrumental Techniques 113, 213, 310, 313
Studies in Music for Children 368
III. Music Therapy: Introduction to Music Therapy 238
Psychology of Music 239
Instrumental Skills 336
Principles/Techniques 365, 366, 495, 496
Practicum 210 (4 hours)
Internship in Music Therapy 497, 498
IV. Behavioral/Health/Natural Sciences:
CHM, GEL/GEO 131/111, or PHY (4 hours)
PSY 131, 331, elective (3 hours)
SPD 231
V. Additional Program Area: Music Therapy-Correctional: Add CJ 373, 436, 460, 482
Curriculum: Major in Music
BACHELOR OF ARTS
            I. General Education:
                    ENG 164, 165
                    ENG 265, 275, or 295 (3 hours)
                    ENG (200 level or higher) or SCM (3 hours)
                    MTH (164 or appropriate substitute) (3 hours)
                    MTH, CS, statistics, PHL 262 or PHL 362 (3 hours)
                    BIO, CHM, GEL/GEO 131/111, or PHY (from two different departments) (8 hours)
                    HIS 163, 164
                    POL 261; POL elective from 335, 361, 368, 370, 387, and 484
                    KIN 215 or accepted substitute (1 hour)
                    KIN activity or accepted substitute (1-3 hours)
                    Criterion VI (6 additional hours including a PHL course)
                    Minor (18 hours including 6 advanced hours)
                    Philosophy (3 hours)
                    Foreign Language, one field (12-14 hours excluding courses taught in English) II. Music Core: Music Theory 122, 123, 124, 125
Music Literature 138
Applied Music (8 hours)
Music electives, 300 level or above, (12 hours)

III. Additional Program Areas:

A. Music Literature: Substitute MUS 466 and MUS 467 for 6 hours of Music electives, 300 level or above
B. Music Performance: Substitute 6 hours of Applied Music at 300 level or above for 6 hours of Music electives, 300 level or above
C. Theory/Composition: Substitute MUS 361 and MUS 362 for 6 hours of Music electives, 300 level or above

 

Requirements for Music Majors

Students desiring to major in music are expected to have some previous musical experience. All students entering the Department of Music as music majors must audition in their major performance area.

All applied music students must take jury examinations at the end of each semester.

Before students majoring in music are allowed to enroll for 300 level courses in applied music, they must pass an upper divisional proficiency examination administered at the end of their fourth semester of study. All music majors must successfully complete two semesters of applied study at the 300 level before they will be approved for graduation.

All music students must pass a proficiency examination in piano. The examination is administered at the end of each semester. All students must be enrolled for piano each semester until this requirement is absolved.

Participation in a major ensemble is required of full-time students each long semester. The minimum requirement is seven semesters for B.M. with teacher certification or eight semesters for other majors. Specific requirements vary for the different degrees and majors. Details of these requirements are available in the Department of Music Office.

Music Theory Placement

The normal sequence of study in music theory for music majors begins with MUS 122, 124. Students who show an unusual knowledge of the rudiments and terminology of music may request a special examination for advanced placement.

Transfer Students

In accordance with current policies adopted by the Texas Association of Music Schools, credit in applied music and music theory which is transferred from another institution must be validated by an examination based upon the semester standards as described in this catalogue. All transcript evaluations are tentative, conditioned upon successful completion of a semesterís work at Sam Houston State University.

Music as a Minor

Students who elect music as a minor must complete a minimum of eighteen hours in theory, applied music, or music literature, six of which must be advanced. No more than twelve hours of Applied Music may be used in the Minor.

Students who choose music as a teaching minor must complete the following courses.

Music Theory 122, 123, 124, 125
Music Literature 138
Studies in Music for Children 367, 368
Philosophical Foundations of Music 493
Applied Music (4)
Electives (3)
Piano Proficiency Examination
Ensemble Participation for five semesters
Certification in secondary music education is not available to students who minor in music.

 

MUSIC COURSE DESCRIPTIONS

ENSEMBLES

The following performance groups are open to all students of the university who qualify by audition:

Jazz Band ENS 115 Band ENS 116, 316
Orchestra ENS 117, 317 Opera Workshop ENS 119
Chamber Music ENS 118 Production Workshop ENS 219
Accompanying ENS 110 Wind Ensemble ENS 216, 416
Mixed Chorus ENS 111, 311
Not more than eight hours earned in ensembles may be counted toward a degree unless specified.
ENS 110 Major ensemble for keyboard students. (performance major only)
ENS 111, 311 Major ensemble for vocal students.
ENS 116, 216, 316, 416 Major ensemble for wind and percussion students.
ENS 117, 317 Major ensemble for string students.
For information regarding Common Course numbers for Ensemble courses, please refer to the Common Course listing in the General Information section of this catalogue.
APPLIED MUSIC

MUS 110X CLASS PIANO FOR NON-MUSIC MAJORS. [MUSI 1101] Basic techniques of piano playing. Development of musical literacy with respect to the keyboard. Designed for the non-music major. Two hours lecture and practice. Credit 1.

MUS 111X CLASS PIANO, LEVEL 1. [MUSI 1181] Basic techniques of piano playing. Development of musical skills with respect to the keyboard. Designed for the music major who has little familiarity with the keyboard. Two hours lecture and practice. Credit 1.

MUS 112X CLASS PIANO, LEVEL 2. [MUSI 1182] Basic techniques of piano playing. Development of musical skills with respect to the keyboard. Prerequisite: MUS 111X. Credit 1.

MUS 113X CLASS PIANO, LEVEL 3. [MUSI 2181 ]Basic techniques of piano playing. Further development of musical skills with respect to the keyboard. Prerequisite: MUS 112X. Credit 1.

MUS 114X CLASS PIANO, LEVEL 4. [MUSI 2182] Basic techniques of piano playing. Enhancement of musical skills to provide minimum competencies on keyboard necessary for completion of the music degree. Prerequisite: MUS 113X. Credit 1.

MUS 113 [MUSI 1166]:116 [MUSI 1167] STUDY OF WOODWINDS. Basic techniques of playing clarinet, saxophone, oboe, bassoon, flute, and piccolo. Three hours lecture and practice. Credit 1 each.

MUS 117:118:119 SINGERS DICTION. 117: English and Italian. 118: French. 119: German. These courses are designed to familiarize singers with the pronunciation of each language as sung in choral music, recital literature, and opera. Prerequisites: MUS 117, none; MUS 118 and 119, MUS 117. Credit 1 each.

MUS 162 FUNDAMENTALS OF GUITAR. [MUSI 1303] Basic guitar technique for the beginning student is combined with a study of the fundamentals of music notation. Not open to music majors. No prerequisite. Credit 3 each.

MUS 165:166 FUNDAMENTALS OF SINGING. A study of the physiology of vocal music production and the development of the singing voice. Emphasis on correct breathing, tone placement, vowel formations, stage presence and musical interpretation. Not open to students majoring in Music. Credit 3 each.

MUS 213 [MUSI 1168]:216 [MUSI 2168] STUDY OF BRASSES. Basic techniques of playing trumpet, trombone, French horn, baritone, and tuba. Three hours lecture and practice. Credit 1 each.

MUS 226 CONDUCTING I. An introduction to the basic techniques of conducting choral and instrumental music. Prerequisite: sophomore standing. Credit 2.

MUS 262 ADVANCED GUITAR. Continuation of fundamentals of guitar with guitar techniques for advanced students combined with study of fundamentals of music notation. Credit 3.

MUS 310 STUDY OF PERCUSSION. Basic techniques of playing all percussion instruments. Three hours lecture and practice. Credit 1.

MUS 313:316 STUDY OF STRINGS. Basic techniques of playing violin, viola, violoncello, and string brass. Three hours lecture and practice. Credit 1 each.

MUS 314 CONDUCTING LABORATORY. See MUS 424.

MUS 417 RECITAL. A public solo performance reflecting the work of one full semester of preparation at the upper division level under supervision of the applied music faculty. The student must be concurrently enrolled for applied music instruction and must have his/her program approved by his/her professor. An audition must be passed at least three weeks prior to the scheduled performance. Credit 1.

MUS 424 CONDUCTING II. The study and application of advanced conducting technique as applied to instrumental and choral ensembles with emphasis on the development of analytical and interpretative skills. Prerequisite: MUS 226 or consent of instructor. MUS 314 must be taken concurrently. Three hours lecture. Credit 2.

MUS 461 TECHNIQUES FOR WIND AND STRING INSTRUMENTS. A study of the literature, methods, and teaching techniques of wind and string instruments. May be taken by conference. Prerequisites: Senior standing in music performance and consent of instructor. Credit 3.

MUS 462 THE SCIENCE AND ART OF SINGING. Introduction to traditional theories of vocal registration, resonance adjustment, vowel formation, emotional aspects of the vocal process, and elements of English, French, German, and Italian diction. Credit 3.

MUS 492 METHODS IN TEACHING PIANO MUSIC. The principles of learning as applied to the teaching of pianoforte. A general survey of methods of approach and techniques necessary for the organized development of important pianistic skills. Procedures for both private and class instruction and definite classification of the best types of materials. Prerequisites: Junior standing and consent of instructor. Credit 3.
APPLIED MUSIC INSTRUCTION
BSN 101X, 301X Bassoon OBO 101X, 301X Oboe TBA 101X, 301X Tuba
CEL 101X, 301X Cello ORG 101X Organ TRB 101X, 301X Trombone
CLR 101X, 301X Clarinet PER 101X, 301X Percussion TRP 101X, 301X Trumpet
EUP 101X, 301X Euphonium PNO 101X, 301X Piano VLA 101X, 301X Viola
FLU 101X, 301X Flute SAX 101X, 301X Saxophone VLN 101X, 301X Violin
HRN 101X, 301X Horn STB 101X, 301X String Bass VOI 101X, 301X Voice
HRP 101X, 301X Harp
Applied Music Fees. Students enrolled in Applied Music Instruction are required to pay a fee at the time of registration on a per-course basis as follows: 1-hour course $30.00 3-hour course $75.00

2-hour course $60.00 4-hour course $75.00

There is no additional charge for use of practice rooms.

 

MUSIC THEORY AND COMPOSITION


MUS 122 THEORY OF MUSIC I. [MUSI 1211] An introduction to the fundamental materials and structures of music. All diatonic scales and intervals, notation and structure of basic rhythmic organizations, and simple vertical sonorities are explored, using the keyboard as an adjunct tool. A study of tonality, key systems, and simple phrase and period forms are applied to creative work in order to integrate all concepts with the studentís work in applied and historical studies. The semester ends with an introduction to the study of tertian harmony as exemplified in tonal music and including diatonic triads. Credit 2.

MUS 123 THEORY OF MUSIC II. [MUSI 1212] continuation of THEORY I, expanding the tertian harmonic vocabulary to include the dominant seventh chord, and an introduction to secondary sevenths, secondary dominants and leading tone chords, and modulation. The study of ternary, binary, and through-composed forms and their application to creative work. Prerequisite: MUS 122. Credit 2.

MUS 124 MUSICIANSHIP I. [MUSI 1216] Intensive drill in the development of sight-singing and aural skills. The material used is coordinated with that of THEORY I. Credit 2.

MUS 125 MUSICIANSHIP II. [MUSI 1217] Continuation of MUSICIANSHIP I. Material is coordinated with that of THEORY II. Prerequisites: MUS 122 and 124. Credit 2.

MUS 161 INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF MUSIC. The study of the fundamentals of music, including major and minor scales, rhythm, chords, sight-reading, and ear-training. Not open to music majors or minors. Credit 3.

MUS 222 THEORY OF MUSIC III. [MUSI 2211] A continuation of the study of harmonic and melodic materials of tonal music expanded to include all characteristic diatonic and chromatic resources and their application in keyboard work and creative projects. Formal procedures studied include the larger traditional structures such as the rondo, sonata, and contrapuntal forms. Prerequisites: MUS 123 and 124. Credit 2.

MUS 223 THEORY OF MUSIC IV. [MUSI 2212] A study of musical materials and structures that evolved in the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Emphasis is placed on the investigation of the entire panorama of twentieth century music including folk, ethnic, and jazz idioms in addition to the developments in the classical tradition. Prerequisite: MUS 222. Credit 2.

MUS 224 MUSICIANSHIP III. [MUSI 2216] Continuation of MUSICIANSHIP II. Material is coordinated with that of THEORY III. Prerequisites: MUS 123 and 125. Credit 2.

MUS 362 ORCHESTRATION AND ANALYSIS. A study of basic techniques of instrumentation, including ranges, transpositions, and characteristics of band and orchestral instruments. Practical application in the form of projects for various instrumental combinations. Prerequisite: MUS 222. Credit 3.

MUS 363 STRUCTURE AND ANALYSIS. A study of musical structure and design from all historical periods. Introduces diverse methods of musical analysis to gain an ability to distinguish various stylistic idioms. Emphasis is placed on analytical findings as it relates to application in teaching, performance, music therapy, conducting, and/or composition. Prerequisite: MUS 223. Credit 3.

MUS 370 CLASS COMPOSITION. An introduction to the craft of composition. Projects involve the application of basic creative techniques which generate complete pieces, diverse stylistic idioms, and aesthetic considerations. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisites: MUS 222 and 224 or permission of instructor. Credit 3.

MUS 372 JUNIOR COMPOSITION. The study and practice of strict composition. Reference is made to the practices of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, but with emphasis on the stylistic idioms of the twentieth century. May be taken by conference. Prerequisite: MUS 223. Credit 3 each.

MUS 464 SEMINAR IN COMPOSITION. Creative activity in the composition of larger forms under individual faculty supervision. Prerequisite: MUS 372. Credit 3 each.

MUS 465 COUNTERPOINT AND ANALYSIS. A survey of polyphony of the eighteenth through the twentieth centuries with emphasis on creative projects. Prerequisite: MUS 223. Credit 3.

MUS 474 TWENTIETH-CENTURY MUSICAL STYLES. Trends, techniques, and the various styles of musical composition in the twentieth century, beginning with Impressionism, studied conceptually and aurally. Concepts are applied to exercises in composition. Prerequisite: MUS 223. Credit 3.

MUS 475 SIXTEENTH-CENTURY COUNTERPOINT. A specialized course in the analysis and writing of contrapuntal music in the style of the sixteenth century. Prerequisite: MUS 222. Credit 3.

 

MUSIC LITERATURE AND HISTORY


MUS 138 SURVEY OF MUSIC LITERATURE. [MUSI 1308] The fundamentals of music terminology, standard instrumental and vocal forms, and representative composers and compositions from secular and sacred music of most eras are. Prerequisites: MUS 122, 124 or departmental consent. Credit 3.

MUS 264 HISTORY OF ROCK, JAZZ, AND POPULAR MUSIC. [MUSI 1310] A survey of the history of jazz, rock, and popular music beginning with their common origins in African, European, and late 19th-century southern folk music. Continues through the latest trends and includes individual musicians as well as stylistic details. No prerequisite; for non-music majors. Credit 3.

MUS 265 MUSIC APPRECIATION. [MUSI 1306]A general survey of music literature designed for the non-music major. Representative composers and their works are studied through recordings, lectures, reports, and live performances. Credit 3.

MUS 367:368 STUDIES IN MUSIC FOR CHILDREN. Introduction to Kodály philosophy and materials, Orff instruments, folk song materials, solfege and basic theory for children. Several types of curricula for grades K-6 are presented. Prerequisite: MUS 123. Credit 3 each.

MUS 376:377:378:379 HISTORY OF MUSIC. A study of musical styles, forms, and textures in history from antiquity to the present. The first course includes music from antiquity through the Renaissance. The second course covers the period from Monteverdi to Beethoven. The third course begins with the later works of Beethoven and extends to the end of the 19th century. The fourth course begins with Debussy and extends to the present era. Prerequisites: MUS 138; junior standing or consent of instructor. Credit 3 each.

MUS 468 SEMINAR IN RESEARCH AND CREATIVE ACTIVITIES. A course in which the undergraduate student may pursue advanced specialized study under faculty supervision in the areas of composition, music literature, analysis, and research. May be repeated for credit. (This course may be taken for Academic Distinction credit. See Academic Distinction Program in this Catalogue.) Credit 3 each.

MUS 493 PHILOSOPHICAL FOUNDATIONS OF MUSIC. An overview of the major topics related to the philosophy of music and the underlying bases of the development of such a philosophy. Topics to be covered include aesthetics, perception, aptitude, and research, all as they relate to the field of music. Credit 3.

 

MUSIC THERAPY


MUS 210 PRACTICUM IN MUSIC. Supervised pre-clinical experience in community settings; each semester of study is correlated with the population being considered in the corresponding core music therapy course. No prerequisite if taken in conjunction with MUS 238. Credit 1 (4 semesters).

MUS 238 INTRODUCTION TO MUSIC THERAPY. A survey of the role of music as therapy in educational, psychiatric, hospital, nursing home, and prison settings. MUS 210 may be taken concurrently. No prerequisite. Credit 3.

MUS 239 PSYCHOLOGY OF MUSIC. A study of the effect of music on the mind. Topics include musical acoustics, music perception, and experimental research in music. No prerequisite. Credit 3.

MUS 336 INSTRUMENTAL SKILLS FOR THE MUSIC THERAPY SETTING. Study of instrumental skills as applied in the music therapy setting utilizing guitar, keyboard percussion, and Latin American instruments. Research findings in the music therapy literature will be used in structuring improvisational opportunities for specific music therapy populations. Prerequisite: Music or music therapy major. Credit 3.

MUS 365 OBSERVATION AND MEASUREMENT IN MUSIC THERAPY. A study of current assessment and evaluation procedures used in music therapy and the application of observational recording techniques in educational, social, and therapeutic settings. Prerequisite: Admission to music therapy program. MUS 210 must be taken concurrently. Credit 3.

MUS 366 MUSIC THERAPY TECHNIQUES I. An examination of (1) music therapy techniques used with handicapped children and adolescents in the educational setting and (2) current legislation related to education of the handicapped and music/music therapy services to be provided. Prerequisite: MUS 365. MUS 210 must be taken concurrently. Credit 3.

MUS 495 MUSIC THERAPY TECHNIQUES II. A study of music therapy procedures used with adults in psychiatric and aging adult settings and an examination of issues concerning the use of music therapy within these two populations. Prerequisites: MUS 366. MUS 210 must be taken concurrently. Credit 3.

MUS 496 MUSIC THERAPY TECHNIQUES III. A seminar presentation of contemporary issues in the field of music therapy. Prerequisite: MUS 495. MUS 220 must be taken concurrently. Credit 3.

MUS 497 INTERNSHIP IN MUSIC THERAPY. First three-month period of supervised clinical experience at site approved by the American Music Therapy Association (AMTA). Prerequisite: Completion of music therapy core sequence. Credit 3.

MUS 498 INTERNSHIP IN MUSIC THERAPY. Second three-month period of supervised clinical experience. Prerequisite: MUS 497. Credit 3.