Winter 2001


This issue of Professional Issues In Counseling presents three informational, insightful, and timely articles. Two of the articles focus on topics related to the field of school counseling. Elizabeth Taylor and Patricia Henderson present an evaluation of the programmatic content of a small rural school district. Art W. Bangert shares insight into the school counselor's role of intervention specialist offering questions important for identifying students in need of academic and behavioral interventions. For the third article, Shawn Patrick, John Beckenbach, and James N. Sells explore the fields of pastoral counseling and counseling focusing on similarities and differences between the two disciplines.

We wish to extend our appreciation to the contributors for sharing the research and information presented in the articles. To the Advisory Board, thank you for sharing your expertise and time reviewing manuscripts, thereby, monitoring the content and quality of PIIC.

Mental health professional interested in publishing in PIIC are encouraged to submit manuscripts for committee review. Procedures and manuscript guidelines can be found on the journal website.


Evaluating the Services of a Rural Elementary Counseling Program

Elizabeth R. Taylor, Ph.D.
Texas Christian University


An evaluation was conducted of the elementary guidance and counseling services in a small rural school district. The evaluation focus was on the comparison of the current elementary guidance and counseling program with the developmental guidance model recommended by Gysbers and Henderson and the Texas Education Agency. The evaluation process, results, and recommendations for future program evaluations are presented.

Designing Effective Prereferral Interventions: Key Questions theSchool Counselor Should Know and Ask

Art W. Bangert
Assistant Professor School Psychology, College of Education, Idaho State University

Julie P. Baumberger


A key role for school counselors is to consult with teachers and other school specialists in efforts to design and implement effective student interventions (ASCA, 1999). In order to effectively facilitate prereferral intervention efforts and consult with teachers, it is recommended that school counselors be familiar with problem-solving methods that specifically address the individual needs of an increasingly diverse population of students (West & Idol, 1993). This article proposes that school counselors be knowledgeable of critical questions that are important to ask during each step of the problem-solving process in order to better identify and implement effective student-specific academic and behavioral interventions.

Exploring the Boundary Between Counseling and Pastoral Counseling:A Delphi Study

Shawn Patrick, M.A., John Beckenbach, M. A., and James N. Sells, Ph.D.
Department of Counseling, Adult and Health Education
Northern Illinois University,DeKalb, IL


Pastoral counseling and counseling share common training, interests, and goals, yet also include distinct differences. Members of both professions can benefit in having a clearer understanding of these similarities and differences as such knowledge can give greater strength to the workings of both fields. This study was interested in exploring, through use of a Delphi method, how leading educators of both fields perceive the commonalties and differences of pastoral counseling and counseling. By gaining an understanding of the perspectives from which members of each field are trained, clinicians from both areas can grasp a better awareness of the intent and purpose of each discipline.