Spring 2003

Ethics Corner


The Spring 2003 issue of Professional Issues in Counseling presents a broad range of topics for a reading audience composed of counselors and other mental health professionals who work in schools, agencies, hospitals, colleges, universities, and private practice. The four articles appearing in this issue have been carefully reviewed by members of our very prestigious editorial review board and have been recommended for publication based on scholarly research and writing, relevance of the topic to current professional counselors, and overall contribution to the field of mental health.

We encourage mental health professionals, counselor educators, and graduate students interested in publishing in PIIC to submit manuscripts for review and consideration for publication in future issues of the journal. Manuscript guidelines are available on PIIC website. If you have question, please contact one of the editors of PIIC, Dr.Judy DeTrude at edu_msn@shsu.edu, or Dr.Mary Nichter at edu_@shsu.edu .

Due to technical problems with the software application we were unable to follow APA 5th edition format as precisely as we would like to. However, all authors did submit their articles in accordance with APA formatting standards. We are working to resolve this problem.


Clinical Supervision of Licensed Chemical Dependency Counselors: A Survey of Knowledge and Practice

Eric A. Schmidt
Southwest Texas State University

David C. Barrett
Private Practice, Dallas, TX


The training and educational requirements for licensure as a chemical dependency counselor have continued to increase over the past three decades. For example, some states have outlined specific standards that must be successfully met in order to achieve and maintain a professional license as a chemical dependency counselor (LCDC). Among these are standards specifically addressing clinical supervision. The state of Texas requires LCDC counselors-in-training to remain in supervision for thousands of hours in order to refine the skills needed to effectively treat clients experiencing substance use, abuse and dependency. Little is known, however, as to the type, quality and consistency with which clinical supervision is being provided both during and after training. This article discusses the results of a statewide survey of 231 chemical dependency counselors. The survey wasdesigned to ascertain the amount and type of clinical supervision received during training, as well as the occurrence of clinical supervision in post-training years.

Developmental Aspects of Adolescents and Religious Conversion

Amanda K. Grein
Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary


Religiosity is a vital aspect to adolescents and their identity development. Several key developmental theorists will be examined with regard to adolescent identity development and ensuing religious conversion. Since older adolescents are often targeted for cult conversion (Galanter, 1989), a better understanding of what is occurring mentally and spiritually in these teenagers can aid counselors working with this population. Positive religious conversion can help the youth develop a firmer sense of who they are whereas cult conversion can stall and hinder the adolescent leaving their identity underdeveloped or replaced with a group identity.

I Can See the Tops of Trees: Building Collaborative Relationships with Students, Teachers and Parents


The school counselor has an array of responsibilities within the school environment. One important responsibility is building collaborative relationships with students, teachers and parents. This article examines the school counselor’s role and challenges in building these working alliances. It also presents a counselor empathy model that can be utilized to strengthen empathic bonds in school relationships

A Study of Facilitator Decisions on Ethical Adventure Issues

Long, D., DeTrude, J. A. and Nichter, M.S

In this study an attempt was made to determine if adventure facilitators were making ethically correct decisions based upon their knowledge and skills obtained in training and workshops on adventure ethics and decision making. Adventure facilitators and apprentices (N=87) in one school district were surveyed on five areas of decision making: (1) empowerment; (2) informed consent; (3) appropriate use of risk; (4) dual relationships; and (5) physical needs of participants. Based upon the date, it can be concluded that facilitator responses accept the hypothesis that adventure facilitators, without the benefit of extensive adventure-based decision making, can make correct decisions based on personal knowledge and experience in the five areas of decision making. Recommendations include follow-ups with focus groups to determine appropriate training models, follow-up with facilitators on the use of the mute technique; and replicate this study with other school based adventure facilitators. (adventure facilitators); (decision making); (adventure ethics)