Fall 2004


Welcome to Professional Issues in Counseling, Fall, 2004. We are always grateful to those authors who consider us for a publication site, and we are proud to showcase their hard work.. Also in this issue are the presentations of the cohort 2 doctoral students in counseling. They organized and presented at the College’s Ethics Institute and were asked to submit their presentation materials for inclusion in this issue.

We have a new student editor and her name is Yu-Fen Lin. She joined the doctoral program this summer and comes to us from Taiwan. Her professional interests are in Feminist Therapy. Our thanks to her for working so hard to learn the computer program that this journal utilizes.


The Use of Doctoral Students in Counseling Techniques and Practicum Courses: A Study of CACREP Programs

Jason McGlothlin, Ph.D., Kent State University
Carla Bradley, Ph.D., Western Michigan University


The purpose of this study was to explore how doctoral students are monitored while supervising master's level students during pre-practicum and practicum courses. Empirical evidence was obtained through a survey indicating how counselor education programs utilize doctoral students and implications for counselor education, the counseling profession in general are discussed.

Counselors as Leaders: The Leadership of Counseling Center Directors

Robert Grant , EdD, LPC
Barbara N. Martin, EdD


This study investigated leadership behaviors and characteristics of counseling center directors in higher education institutions. Data collection methods included the Leadership Practices Inventory (LPI), Q-sort procedure, and qualitative interviews. The overall purpose of this study was to develop a profile of a counseling center director as an effective leader. Findings from the study provided leadership behaviors and characteristics for counseling center directors to create the following profile of a counseling center director as an effective leader:

  1. The counseling center director exhibits good ethical behavior treating people with dignity and respect.
  2. The counseling center director communicates clearly with others especially in regard to expressing confidence in people's abilities, praising, and giving appreciation to staff.
  3. The counseling center director promotes collaboration among the campus offices and within the counseling center effectively building consensus and involving others in the vision of the center.
  4. The counseling center director understands the risk involved in the director position and is prepared to effectively handle campus crisis situations.
  5. The counseling center director is clear about his or her philosophy of leadership and about relevant counseling theories.

Facilitating Group Cohesion: Adventure Based Counseling and College Students

J. Scott Glass, Ph. D., Elon University


This article reports the results of a study which examined the effects of participation in an undergraduate college course on adventure based counseling on college students' perceptions of group cohesion. A pre- and posttest of the Group Cohesion Evaluation Questionnaire and a short 3-question questionnaire was administered to 28 participants. Results suggest that group cohesion developed through the semester-long course and adventure based counseling weekend experience, and that race, gender, and age of participants did not affect their perceptions of group cohesion.

Cohort 2 Doctoral Students Presentations

Ethical Issues of HIV and AIDS in Health Care
by Yu-Fen Lin, M.S., M. Div.

Child Abuse: Professional Responsibilities Professional Ethics
by Cynthia Powell, M.S., LPC

by Kate Walker, M.A., LPC-I, LMFTA

A Balancing Act : Ethics and Multiculturalism: How it effects the Counselor and the Client
by George D. Hawkins, M. Ed.

Ethical Practices in Rehabilitation Counseling
by James S. Flowers, MA, LPC

Ethics in Career Counseling
by Nakita C. Wanza, MA

Ethics and Group Counseling
by Mary Saint, M.Ed., LPC

Suicide and Ethics
by Kendra Watson, M.A., LPC-I