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HISTORY 370: ANCIENT HISTORY:
FROM EARLIEST TIMES TO 500 A.D.

Reading Assignments

 
Reading Assignment  1:  Early Humanity
Main Text Readings: 
Civilization, pp. 8-12, 164-170
Atlas, pp. 3-14.
General Introduction: Prehistoric Times
The Talk-Origins Archive [from Talk Origins Archive]
Michel Saloff-Coste, Hunting - Gathering [from The grid of Evolution]
Supplementary Web Assignments: 
A Babylonian Account of Creation
The Revolt of Heaven
A Chaldaean Account of the Deluge
The Theogony of Hesiod
Genesis
 
 
Reading Assignment  2:  Early Societies
Main Text Readings:
Civilization, pp. 12-20
Atlas, pp. 16-21.
General Introduction: Prehistoric Times
Agricultural Revolution [from Washington State University]
Michel Saloff-Coste, Agriculture - Husbandry [from The grid of Evolution]
Lawrence Osbourn, The Women Warriors [from Lingua Franca]
Gerda Lerner, Summary of The Creation of Patriarchy [At Sunshine for Women]
Supplementary Web Assignments: 
Genesis
 
 
Reading Assignment  3:  Sumeria
Main Text Readings:
Civilization, pp. 72-83.
Atlas, pp. 22-23, 26-27
Mesopotamia
Timeline of Civilizations--3500-1000 B.C.
Supplementary Web Assignments: 
 
 
Reading Assignment  4:  From Akkadians to Babylonians
Main Text Readings:
Civilization, pp. 84-101.
Atlas, pp. 24-25.
Mesopotamia
Timeline of Civilizations--3500-1000 B.C.
Supplementary Web Assignments: 
The Code of Hammurabi
Herodotus' Description of Babylon and the Babylonians
 
Reading Assignment  5:  Egypt-Political History
Main Text Readings:
Civilization, pp. 22-32.
Atlas, pp. 22-36.
Ancient Egypt
Timeline of Civilizations--3500-1000 B.C.
Supplementary Web Assignments: 
Fragment of the First Sallier Papyrus
The Instruction of Ptah-Hotep
Inscription of Queen Hatshepsut
 
Reading Assignment  6:  Egypt: Society, Economy & Culture
Main Text Readings:
Civilization, pp. 32-44, 58-70.
Atlas, pp.
Ancient Egypt
Timeline of Civilizations--3500-1000 B.C.
Supplementary Web Assignments: 
Herodotus' Description of Egypt and the Egyptians
 
Reading Assignment  7:  Egypt, Africa and World Civilization
Main Text Readings:
Ancient Egypt
Timeline of Civilizations--3500-1000 B.C.
The Black Athena Debate
Building Bridges to Afrocentrism
Supplementary Web Assignments: 
Herodotus' Description of Egypt and the Egyptians
 
Reading Assignment  8:  Hyksos, Hittites and Hurrians
Main Text Readings:
Civilization, pp. 109-134,
Atlas, pp. 28-37.
The Asiatic Background
Timeline of Civilizations--3500-1000 B.C.
Timeline of Civilizations--1000-500 B.C.
Supplementary Web Assignments: 
Excerpts from an account of the Battle of Kadesh
Treaty of Peace Between Rameses II and the Hittites
 
Reading Assignment  9:  The Sea Peoples
Main Text Readings:
Civilization, pp. 44-46
Atlas, pp. 38-41.
Edo Nyland, The Sea Peoples [from Linguistic Archaeology]
Cinaet Scotach and Iain MacAnTsaoir, Philistines, the Danann and Sea Faring Peoples [from Clannada na Gadelica]
Supplementary Web Assignments: 
The Invasion of the Sea Peoples
 
Reading Assignment  10:  Migrations of Peoples and Disruptions of Civilization
Main Text Readings:
Civilization, pp.
Atlas, pp. 28-41.
The Asiatic Background
Timeline of Civilizations--3500-1000 B.C.
Timeline of Civilizations--1000-500 B.C.
Supplementary Web Assignments: 
Herodotus on the Scythians
Herodotus on the Arabs
 
Reading Assignment  11:  Canaanites, Phoenicians and Aramaeans
Main Text Readings:
Civilization, pp. 123-129, 171-174, 233-239.
Atlas, pp.
Ancient Lebanon
Timeline of Civilizations--1000-500 B.C.
Timeline of Civilizations--500 B.C.-A.D.
Supplementary Web Assignments: 
The Sarcophagus of Phoenician King Eshmunazar
Greco-Phoenician relations, according to Herodotus
Phoenician and Carthaginian voyages around Africa, according to Herodotus
A Carthaginian exploration of the West African Coast.
The Phoenicians and the Alphabet, according to Herodotus
The Prophet Ezekial on the Phoenician City of Tyre
Aristotle on the Carthaginian State
 
Reading Assignment  12:  Hebrews, Ancient Israel and Judaism.
Main Text Readings:
Civilization, pp. 134-141
Atlas, pp. 40-45.
Early Israel
Timeline of Civilizations--1000-500 B.C.
Timeline of Civilizations--500 B.C.-A.D.
Supplementary Web Assignments: 
The Israelite Conquest of Canaan
The Exploits of Gideon
Israel in the Reign of Solomon
The Book of Ruth
The Book of Ecclesiastes
The Book of Esther
 
Reading Assignment  13:  Assyrians, Chaldians and Medes
Main Text Readings:
Civilization, pp. 101-108,
Atlas, pp. 46-49.
Mesopotamia
Timeline of Civilizations--3500-1000 B.C.
Timeline of Civilizations--1000-500 B.C.
Supplementary Web Assignments: 
The Annals of Sargon
A Chaldaean Campaign against Judah
 
Reading Assignment  14:  The Persian Empire
Main Text Readings:
Civilization, pp. 147-154
Atlas, pp. 50-57.
Ancient Iran
Timeline of Civilizations--1000-500 B.C.
Timeline of Civilizations--500 B.C.-A.D.
Supplementary Web Assignments:
Xenophon's Description of young Cyrus and Persian Education
Funeral inscription of Darius
Inscription of Xerxes at Persepolis
Herodotus on Persia and the Persia
Xerxes' Plan to Invade Greece, the Bridging of the Hellespont and the Persian Order of Battle
A Roman Description of the Parthians
  
Reading Assignment  15:  The Indian Parallel
Main Text Readings: 
Civilization, pp. 176-202.
Atlas, pp.
Ancient India
Timeline of Civilizations--3500-1000 B.C.
Timeline of Civilizations--1000-500 B.C.
Timeline of Civilizations--500 B.C.-A.D.
Supplementary Web Assignments: 
The Laws of Manu
A Greek Description of India
Kautilya: From The Arthrashastra
A Buddhist Anthology: The Dhammapada
The Edicts of King Ashoka
 
Reading Assignment  16:  The Chinese Parallel
Main Text Readings:
Civilization, pp. 287-316
Atlas, pp.
Ancient China
Timeline of Civilizations--3500-1000 B.C.
Timeline of Civilizations--1000-500 B.C.
Timeline of Civilizations--500 B.C.-A.D.
Supplementary Web Assignments: 
On the Art of War by Sun-Tzu
Confucius on the Doctrine of the Mean
Confucius on the Great Learning
Mencius on Government and Human Nature
The Mandate of Heaven
 
Reading Assignment  17:  Minoans and Myceneans
Main Text Readings:
Civilization, pp. 204-215.
Atlas, pp. 28-39.
Ancient Greece
Timeline of Civilizations--3500-1000 B.C.
Timeline of Civilizations--1000-500 B.C.
Timeline of Civilizations--500 B.C.-A.D.
Supplementary Web Assignments: 
Plato's Timaeus and the Atlantis Legend
Herodotus on the Pelasgians and the Early Greeks
Thucydides on Early Greece
The Expedition against Troy in the Iliad
The Duel Between Achilles and Hector in the Iliad
 
Reading Assignment  18:  The Early Development of Greece
Main Text Readings:
Civilization, pp. 215-223.
Atlas, pp. 38-49
Ancient Greece
Timeline of Civilizations--3500-1000 B.C.
Timeline of Civilizations--1000-500 B.C.
Supplementary Web Assignments: 
Herodotus on the Pelasgians and the Early Greeks
Thucydides on Early Greece
 
Reading Assignment  19:  The Polis: Athens & Sparta
Main Text Readings:
Civilization, pp. 223-228.
Atlas, pp. 50-51.
Ancient Greece
Timeline of Civilizations--500 B.C.-A.D.
Supplementary Web Assignments: 
Aristotle on the Spartan State
Xenophon on the Constitution of the Lacedaimonians
Aristotle on the development of Athenian state
 
Reading Assignment  20:  The Acme and Decline of the Polis: The Persian and Peloponnesian Wars.
Main Text Readings:
Civilization, pp.
Atlas, pp. 51-57.
Ancient Greece
Timeline of Civilizations--500 B.C.-A.D.
Supplementary Web Assignments: 
Xerxes' Plan to Invade Greece, the Bridging of the Hellespont and the Persian Order of Battle
The Battle of Thermopylae according to Herodotus
The Battle of Salamis according to Herodotus
The Origin of the Peloponnesian War
Pericles' Funeral Speech
The Plague at Athens
The Melian Dialogue
 
Reading Assignment  21:  The Rise of Macedonia and Alexander the Great
Main Text Readings:
Civilization, pp. 228-233
Atlas, pp. 58-59.
Ancient Greece
Timeline of Civilizations--500 B.C.-A.D.
Supplementary Web Assignments: 
Plutarch on Alexander the Great
Arrian on Alexander the Great
Arrian on Alexander's Campaigns
 
Reading Assignment  22:  Hellenic Civilization
Main Text Readings:
Civilization, pp. 276-281.
Atlas, pp. 46-57.
Ancient Greece
Timeline of Civilizations--3500-1000 B.C.
Timeline of Civilizations--1000-500 B.C.
Timeline of Civilizations--500 B.C.-A.D.
Supplementary Web Assignments: 
Excerpts from Aeschylus'The Persians
Excerpts from Aristophanes' Lysistrata
Excerpts from Xenophon's Memorabilia
A Lampoon of Socrates in Aristophanes' The Clouds
The Pre-Trial Dialogue, Euthryphro
The Apology of Socrates
The Prison Dialogue, Crito
 
Reading Assignment  23:  Hellenistic Civilization.
Main Text Readings:
Civilization, pp. 46-52, 228-233, 273-276
Atlas, pp. 61-76.
The Struggle of the Diadochoi
Supplementary Web Assignments: 
Plutarch on Demetrius Poliorcetes
Plutarch on Pyrrhus
Plutarch on Anthony and Cleopatra
 
Reading Assignment  24:  The Etruscans, the Celts, and Early Italy.
Main Text Readings:
Civilization, pp. 240-244.
Atlas, pp. 30-61.
Where Did The Etruscans Come From?
Etruscan Art
Villanovans and Etruscans
Linguistic map of Ancient Italy
Etruscan Language
History of the Celts
Ancient Celts Page
Supplementary Web Assignments: 
Herodotus on the Lydians and their relation to the Etruscans (Tyrrhenians)
The Etruscan Liber Linaeus
Etruscan Phrases
Livy Describes the Gallic Invasion of Rome
Caesar on the Gauls and Germans
 
Reading Assignment  25:  Origins and Expansion of Rome.
Main Text Readings:
Civilization, pp. 245-250
Atlas, pp. 52-67
Republican Rome
Timeline of Civilizations--1000-500 B.C.
Timeline of Civilizations--500 B.C.-A.D.
Supplementary Web Assignments: 
Polybius on the Roman Government, ca. 150 B.C.
Polybius compares Rome and Carthage
Polybius on the Roman Army.
Livy describes the Early Roman Army
Alexander the Great Versus the Romans
Phalanx Versus Legion.
 
Reading Assignment  26:  Roman Expansion and the Decline of the Republic
Main Text Readings:
Civilization, pp. 250-252.
Atlas, pp. 68-75, 92.
Republican Rome
Timeline of Civilizations--500 B.C.-A.D.
Supplementary Web Assignments: 
Plutarch on Julius Caesar
Plutarch on Gnaeus Pompey
The Career of Marcus Crassus
A Roman Description of the Parthians
 
Reading Assignment  27:  Imperial Rome of the Principate
Main Text Readings:
Civilization, pp. 253-258
Atlas, pp. 76-81.
Imperial Rome
Roman Population Table
Timeline of Civilizations--500 B.C.-A.D.
Timeline of Civilizations--A.D.-A.D. 500
Supplementary Web Assignments:
The Deeds of Augustus
The Principate of Otho
Roman Imperial armies and camps, as described by Josephus
A Roman Imperial Army on the March, as described by Josephus
The Battle of Teutoburg Forest, described by Paterculus
The German Guards' Response to the Death of Caligula, ca. 41 A.D.
 
Reading Assignment  28:  Roman Culture
Main Text Readings: 
Civilization, pp. 281-286
Atlas, pp.
 
Supplementary Supplementary Web Assignments: 
Specialized Secondary Sources:
 
Primary Sources:
 
Reading Assignment  29:  The Roman Empire and the Christians
Main Text Readings:
Civilization, pp. 269-273
Atlas, pp.
Supplementary Web Assignments: 
The Didache, or Teaching of the Twelve Apostles
Christian Apologist Comments on the Anti-Christian Decrees
A Roman View of Tribunals Against Christians
Christian View of a Roman Tribunal
 
Reading Assignment  30:  The Crisis of the Late Principate
Main Text Readings:
Civilization, pp. 258-263
Atlas, pp. 82-87.
Imperial Rome
Timeline of Civilizations--A.D.-A.D. 500
Supplementary Web Assignments: 
Specialized Secondary Sources:
Caesar on the Gauls and Germans
A Description of Germany and the Germans by Tacitus
The Toleration of Christianity: The Edict of Milan (313 A. D.)
 
Reading Assignment  31:  The Christian Roman Empire & the Era of Migrations
Main Text Readings:
Civilization, pp. 263-269
Atlas, pp. 86-91.
Rome, Christianity and the Migrations
Timeline of Civilizations--A.D.-A.D. 500
Supplementary Web Assignments: 
A Description of Germany and the Germans by Tacitus
A Fourth-Century Description of the Huns
The Battle of Adrianople, 9 August 378, described by Ammianus Marcellinus
A Fifth-Century Embassy to the Huns
A Christian Priest's View of the Barbarian Migrations
Augustine on His Conversion to Christianity
The Life of St. Anthony
 
 
Reading Assignment  32: The Heritage of the Ancient World
Main Text Readings:
Civilization, pp.
Atlas, pp.
 
Supplementary Web Assignments: 
Specialized Secondary Sources: